Reed Smoot subject files, 1837-1966
Scope and Contents
Contains research files arranged by subject which pertained to Smoot's career and work. Includes several files on the Mormon church and its history, particularly with polygamy. Also includes many economic papers, agriculture and forestry reports, and war during Smoot's political career. Dated 1837-1966.
- Smoot, Reed, 1862-1941 (creator, Person)
Conditions Governing Access
Open for public research.
Conditions Governing Use
It is the responsibility of the researcher to obtain any necessary copyright clearances. Permission to publish material from Reed Smoot papers must be obtained from the Supervisor of Reference Services and/or the L. Tom Perry Special Collections Coordinating Committee.
Reed Smoot (1862-1941) was a Republican senator from Utah (1903-1933) and an apostle in the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (1900-1941).
Reed Owen Smoot was born in Salt Lake City, Utah on January 10, 1862 to former mayor of Salt Lake City, Abraham O. Smoot and Anne Kristina (Morrison) Smoot. Reed Smoot attended public schools and the University of Utah, and graduated from Brigham Young Academy in Provo, Utah in 1879. After graduation, he served as a Mormon missionary in England. He married Alpha M. Eldredge of Salt Lake City on September 17, 1884. They were the parents of seven children.
On April 8, 1900, Smoot was ordained as an apostle of the LDS Church and became a member of the church's Quorum of the Twelve Apostles. After becoming an apostle in 1900, Smoot received the approval of church president Joseph F. Smith to run for office in 1902. He was elected the same year to the United States Senate (58th Congress) as a Republican Senator, representing the state of Utah. His election sparked a bitter four-year battle in the Senate on whether Smoot was eligible or should be allowed to serve, due to his position as a Mormon apostle. As a result, the Senate began an investigation into Smoot's eligibility. The Smoot Hearings began on January 16, 1904. On February 20, 1907 the Senate defeated the proposal and Smoot was allowed to serve in the Senate. Smoot was reelected in 1908. The Senate bill creating the National Park Service was sponsored by Reed Smoot. Additionally, Smoot was Chairman of the Senate Finance Committee from 1923 to 1933 and served on the Senate Appropriations Committee. He served as a delegate to the Republican national convention in 1908, 1912, 1916, 1920, and 1924. He was Chairman of the 1928 Resolutions Committee at the 1928 Republican National Convention and chairman of the Republican Senatorial Campaign Committee. Smoot was a co-sponsor of the Smoot-Hawley Tariff in 1930. Smoot continued to serve in the Senate until March 1933.
After his retirement, Smoot moved back to Salt Lake City. He died on February 9, 1941 and is buried in Provo, Utah.
Language of Materials
- Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints -- Apostles -- Correspondence
- Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints
- Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints -- Presidents -- Correspondence
- Coolidge, Calvin, 1872-1933 -- Correspondence
- Grant, Heber J. (Heber Jeddy), 1856-1945 -- Correspondence
- Harding, Warren G. (Warren Gamaliel), 1865-1923 -- Correspondence
- Hoover, Herbert, 1874-1964 -- Correspondence
- Lyman, Richard Roswell, 1870-1963 -- Correspondence
- Nibley, Charles W. (Charles Wilson), 1849-1931 -- Correspondence
- Politicians -- Utah
- Polygamy -- Utah
- Reclamation of land
- Republican Party (U.S. : 1854- )
- Research (Documents)
- Roosevelt, Theodore, 1858-1919 -- Correspondence
- Smith, John Henry, 1848-1911 -- Correspondence
- Smith, Joseph F. (Joseph Fielding), 1838-1918 -- Correspondence
- Taft, William H. (William Howard), 1857-1930 -- Correspondence
- Talmage, James E. (James Edward), 1862-1933 -- Correspondence
- United States -- Politics and government -- 1901-1953
- United States Tariff Commission