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Republican Party (U.S. : 1854- )

 Organization

The Republican party (1854- ) is one of the two major political parties in the United States. Although originally being a party designed to help end the practice of slavery in the US, it has transformed itself over the years to represent the views of Conservative-leaning individuals of the US.

The Republican Party (also known as "The Grand Old Party" or "GOP" for short) was created in March 20, 1854 from the remnants of two existing political parties at the time: the Whigs and the Free Soil party. After holding their first convention in July 6th of that year, they originally designed their political platform to represnent the views of Anti-Slavery advocates through the slogan "Free Labor, Free Land, Free Men." After the election of their presidential candidate Abraham Lincoln in the 1860 presidential election, the party was able to fulfill it's stated goals to end slavery after winning the Civil War over the slave-holding south.

As the GOP transitioned from their initial anti-slavery stance, they held many political platforms before settling on the Conservative platform they are known for today. While many of their stances have stayed quite consistent over the years (particularly in being free market-supporters and favoring the prohibition of substances like alcohol and illegal drugs for relgious purposes), some stances (like their opinions on race-related issues such as Affirmative Action) have changed dramatically: which can indicate the reason why the party which was originally based in the Northeast and the Northern Midwest has now moved to the South.

In general, today's GOP's stances include being supportive of pro-free market/free-trade policies (such as NAFTA), being constitutionalist on their views on federal involvement in state issues, being tough on border enforcement, and being supportive of National Defense issues.

Citation

Wikipedia, via WWW, June 10, 2016 (Republican Party (United States); created in 1854 frm Whig and Free Soil Parties; Slogan was "Free Labor, Free Land, Free Men;" policies from origins up until today)

Found in 44 Collections and/or Records:

Wallace F. Bennett papers

 Collection
Identifier: MSS 20
Scope and Contents Collection contains correspondence, speeches, bills, legislative resolutions, press releases, and financial records that document Wallace F. Bennett's activities during his time as a senator between 1948 and 1974 in Utah and Washington D.C. The central topic of these materials (which were mostly created during Bennett's later terms in the US Senate) is the Cold War, including how to promote peaceful coexistence between the Soviet Union and America. They also reveal the immense changes that...

Ernest L. Wilkinson papers on politics, 1966-1978

 Sub-Series — Multiple Containers
Identifier: UA 1000 Series 1 Sub-Series 8
Scope and Contents note Contains correspondence, bulletins, and reports related to the Republican Party and politics. Materials date from between 1966 and 1978.

Reed Smoot diaries, 1880-1932

 Series — Multiple Containers
Identifier: MSS 1187 Series 1
Scope and Contents Contains handwritten diaries documenting the life of Reed Smoot as kept by himself. Includes discussion of his home and family life, thoughts, and other daily events. Dated 1880-1932.

Reed Smoot financial papers, 1827-1940

 Series — Multiple Containers
Identifier: MSS 1187 Series 3
Scope and Contents Contains financial records of Reed Smoot. Includes bank account books, information on the Smoot Investment Company, and banking records. Contains checks and statements from the Commercial Bank of American Fork and the First National Bank of Salt Lake City, as well as other companies. Also includes checks and receipts. Dated 1827-1940.

Reed Smoot legislative papers, 1913-1922

 Series — Multiple Containers
Identifier: MSS 1187 Series 11
Scope and Contents Contains papers related to the legislative career of Reed Smoot. Includes hard bound copies of Revenue Bill and Tariff Duties for 1913, annotated by Senator Smoot and bound volumes of Tariff Acts, 1921-1922. Also contains writings and Newspaper articles relating to the senator's Home Economic Bill, and other bound volumes and newspaper articles. Dated 1913-1922.

Reed Smoot mementoes, 1877-1967

 Series — Multiple Containers
Identifier: MSS 1187 Series 8
Scope and Contents Contains ephemeral artifacts and mementoes from the life and career of Reed Smoot. Includes objects such as Smoot's election pins, memorials written by others about Smoot, and Christmas cards. Also consists largely of invitations to events and calling cards. Dated 1877-1967.

Reed Smoot microfilm, 1880-1966

 Series — Multiple Containers
Identifier: MSS 1187 Series 12
Scope and Contents Contains several rolls of microfilm, unlabelled. Includes labelled boxes of microfilm which are images of Smoot's diaries. Dated 1880-1966.

Reed Smoot mining papers, 1897-1938

 Series — Box: 68
Identifier: MSS 1187 Series 4
Scope and Contents Contains files related to Smoot's involvement in mining. Includes correspondence and maps from the Big Indian Copper Company and records regarding the Gilsonite deal. Finally, pertains to work with Gold Chain Mining Company, Iron King Mining Company, Mascot Mining Company, and Western Australian Mining Laws. This demonstrates Smoot's work with these companies. Dated 1897-1938.

Reed Smoot newspaper clippings, 1897-1942

 Series — Multiple Containers
Identifier: MSS 1187 Series 6
Scope and Contents Contains newspaper clippings on the career of Reed Smoot. Primarily deals with news about the Smoot hearings, found in both Utah newspapers and other newspapers. Also contains articles on Smoot's opinion on prohibition and his election reports. Dated 1897-1942.

Reed Smoot photographs, 1903-1935

 Series — Multiple Containers
Identifier: MSS 1187 Series 9
Scope and Contents Contains photographs of Reed Smoot in various capacities. Includes pictures of him with Charles Lindbergh and President Calvin Coolidge. Also includes images of Smoot's early life and his relatives, particularly Abraham O. Smoot.