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Smith, Joseph, Jr., 1805-1844

 Person

Dates

  • Existence: 1805-1844

Biographical History

Joseph Smith, Jr. (1805-1844) was a Mormon prophet and founder of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.

Joseph Smith, Jr. was born on December 23, 1805, to parents Joseph Sr. and Lucy Mack Smith. He was the fifth of eleven children. He worked on the family farm in Vermont and later in western New York. A series of remarkable spiritual experiences prepared him for his prophetic calling. Beginning in 1820 at Palmyra, New York, Joseph Smith saw God the Father and Jesus Christ in vision. Through revelation, he translated and published the Book of Mormon, organized The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints on April 6, 1830, and received revelations to guide the Church. By inspiration, he called Apostles and other Church leaders, defined doctrines, and taught the principles and ordinances that would lead to exaltation. Under his leadership, Latter-day Saints founded communities in Ohio, Missouri, and Illinois. He was sustained as First Elder of the Church on April 6, 1830. On June 27, 1844, at Carthage, Illinois, Joseph Smith died a martyr to his faith.

Citation

Book of Mormon. Japanese. Morumon-kyō, 1909 (1950 printing): t.p. (Josefu Sumisu [in Japanese])

Book of Moemon. Armenian. Girkʻ Mōrmōni, 1937: t.p. (Kart. Chōzēf Smitʻh)

Britannica.com, Oct. 13, 2010 (Joseph Smith, originally Joseph Smith, Jr. (b. Dec. 23, 1805, Sharon, Vt., U.S.; d. June 27, 1844, Carthage, Ill.), Mormon prophet and founder of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints)

The Book of Mormon, 1830: title page (Joseph Smith, Junior)

Doctrine and covenants of the Church of the Latter Day Saints, 1835: title page (Joseph Smith, Junior)

Encyclopedia of Mormonism, page 1331 (Joseph Smith, Jr. (1805-1844), the Prophet Joseph Smith, founding prophet of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints; born December 23, 1805 in Sharon, Vermont; moved to Palmyra, N.Y. in 1816; founded the Church in Fayette, N.Y. April 6, 1830; migrated with the Church to Kirtland, Ohio in 1831; then to Far West, Missouri in 1838; finally to Nauvoo, Ill. (which he founded) in 1839; killed by a mob in Carthage, Ill. June 27, 1844)

Found in 15 Collections and/or Records:

Chenango County, New York court records

 File — Folder: 1
Identifier: MSS 4077
Scope and Contents Collection includes photocopies of court records created by judge Albert Neely in 1826. Includes documents related to the trial of Joseph Smith.

Circuit Court injunction for Joseph Smith, Jr.

 Collection — Folder: 1
Identifier: Vault MSS 416
Scope and Contents Printed and handwitten injunction dated March 10, 1843, signed by Jacob B. Backenstos The item is addressed to Joseph Smith, mayor of Nauvoo, Illinois, demanding a halt in further proceedings in the case of Charles R. Dana vs. William B. Brink. The action had been taken to recover $99.

Circuit Court recognizance

 Item — Folder: 1
Identifier: Vault MSS 691
Scope and Contents Handwritten bond dated September 7, 1838, signed by Joseph Smith, Jr. and others before Judge Austin King of the 5th Judicial Circuit Court. The bond was for $500.00 and bound Joseph Smith, Jr. and Lyman Wight over to the court.

Circuit court summons

 Item — Folder: 1
Identifier: MSS 8405
Scope and Contents Original court summons issued by the State of Illinois, Hancock County to Joseph Smith Jr. and John P. Greene to appear at the Hancock County Circuit Court before May 1844 in order to address the complaint of Orsemus F. Bostwick for trespass to damage in the amount of two hundred dollars. The summons was signed by J. B. Backenstos, clerk of the circuit court. Dated March 4, 1844.

Daviess County (Mo.) court order

 File — Folder: 1
Identifier: MSS SC 1046
Scope and Contents Photocopy of a change of venue order. "Caleb Baldwin, Lyman Wight, Joseph Smith Jr. and others" were charged with arson. The judge ordered them transferred to Boone County where he thought they could receive a fair trial.

Daviess County legal documents

 Collection — Multiple Containers
Identifier: MSS 846
Scope and Contents Photocopies of handwritten court proceedings of cases tried in Daviess County and Boone County, Missouri. The trials relate to Joseph Smith (1805-1844), the first president of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, and others being tried for treason; the trial of Parley P. Pratt (1807-1857), an apostle of the Church, for murder; testimony against Caleb Baldwin; and testimony against King Follet on charges of robbery. Dated 1839.

Geauga County (Ohio) court record

 File — Folder: 1
Identifier: MSS SC 1930
Scope and Contents One handwritten court record. The item is a copy made in 1860 by William N. Keeny, clerk of Geauga County, of the original court record dated 1839. The Halsted Haines Co. sued Joseph Smith (1805-1844), Hyrum Smith, Olivery Cowdery, Sidney Rigdon, Brigham Young, and other Mormon Church leaders for redress in connection with questionable business practices. Since the defendants failed to appear when summoned, the plaintiffs were awarded $2337.35 plus expenses.

Hancock County, Illinois summonses

 File — Folder: 1
Identifier: MSS SC 759
Scope and Contents Handwritten and printed summonses for Joseph Smith, first president of the Mormon Church, and John C. Bennett, and apostle in the Mormon Church. Also included is a receipt from Emma Hale Smith, first wife of Joseph Smith, made out to Thomas Sharp.

Hancock County records

 File — Folder: 1
Identifier: MSS SC 212
Scope and Contents Film contains 22 items, including three collections: Nauvoo court records; Eudocia Marsh's Mormons in Hancock County : a Reminiscence; and the Strangite Papers, 1851-1963.

Illinois Circuit Court (Northern District) records

 File — Folder: 1
Identifier: MSS SC 174
Scope and Contents Phtocopies of handwritten court records. The materials are pages 1 and 486 to 697 from volume 4 of a much larger record on court proceedings. The entries regard the case of the "United States of America vs. Joseph Smith, et al." The manuscript deals with the estate of Joseph Smith, first president of the Mormon Church. The originals are located at the Federal Records Center, Chicago, Illinois.