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Snow, Helen Foster, 1907-1997



  • Existence: 1907 - 1997


Helen Foster Snow (1907-1997) was an American journalist, photographer, and activist in China.

Helen Foster Snow was born on September 21, 1907 in Cedar City, Utah. She attended West High School. After graduating, she attended the University of Utah. She took the civil service exam, gained a position in China, and moved to Shanghai in August 1931. After arriving in China Helen met Edgar Snow, a reporter also from the U.S. The two were married on December 25, 1933 in Tokyo, Japan. The couple moved to Peking where Helen Foster Snow attended and Edgar taught at Yanjing University. From there they published information regarding the Manchurian incident. Helen Foster and Edgar Snow sympathized with the students who protested the government and its complacency toward Japanese invasion. They helped plan the December movements, and covered events censored in Chinese papers.

Helen published an interview with Zhang Xueliang, a general, who expressed support for communists, contradicting Chiang Kai-shek. In 1937 Edgar and Helen published the magazine Democracy. She worked on the editorial board to editor, and then the editor while Edgar wrote Red Star over China.

Snow entered the communist camp in April 1937, where she interviewed leaders, women, and children of the camp. She would publish her findings in her book Inside Red China in 1938. Helen later toured the Chinese Industrial Cooperatives and wrote to raise support of the initiatives. Helen returned to the United States, living in Madison, Connecticut and travelling the world. Helen died on January 11, 1997.

OCLC 17967705: Stanley, M. Foreigners in areas of China ... 1987 (hdg.: Snow, Helen Foster, 1907- ; usage: Helen Foster Snow)

LC data base, 11/19/90 (hdg.: Wales, Nym, 1907- ; usage: Helen Foster Snow; Helen Foster Snow (Nym Wales); Hai-lun Fu-ssu-tʻe Ssu-no; Nym Wales; Nym Wales (Helen Foster Snow))

Pseuds. and nicknames dict., c1987 (Snow, Helen Foster, 1907- ; American author and poet; pseud.: Wales, Nym)

Bridging, 1997: t.p. (Helen Foster Snow) p. xxxvii (died 1/11/97)

Women in modern China, 2004: t.p. (Helen Foster Snow) colophon (海伦斯诺 = Hailun Sinuo = Snow, H.), Dec. 6, 2011 (Helen Foster; b. Sept. 21, 1907 in Cedar City, Utah; d. Jan. 11, 1997 in Guilford, Conn.; m. Dec. 25, 1932 in Tokyo, Japan to Edgar Parks Snow)

Wikipedia, Dec. 6, 2011 (taught at Yenching University)

Helen Foster Snow, 2006: p. 13 (b. Cedar City, Utah; b. September 21, 1907); p. 15 (Hannah and John Foster); p. 16 (parents civically engaged); p. 18 (frequent moves in childhood); p. 19 (move to Salt Lake City, UT, West High School, yearbook, student gov't); p. 20 (graduated West High, University of Utah); p. 23 (secretary w/ A.G Mackenzie of American Silver Mining Commission in Utah; wanted Europe; decided on China); p. 24 (to China in August 1931); p. 25 (secretary to an American company in China); p. 31 (secretary for bankers); p. 34 (wrote on Manchurian incident); p. 36 (Shanghai refuge for leftist intellectuals and reformists); p. 38 (developed left leaning political opinions; social secretary at U.S. consulate; p. 39 (m. 1933 Edgar Snow); p. 42 (m. Dec. 25, Tokyo); p. 41 (honeymoon in Formosa, the Philippines, Borneo, the Dutch Indies, and Bali); p. 45 (move to Peking); p. 47 (modelling in Peking); p.50 (student of philosophy, religion, and esthetics at Yanjing University); p. 52 (student movement December 1935); p. 55 (rose awareness of fascist threat in China; helped plan December 1935 movement); p. 58 (home as anti-Japanese salon); p. 61 (poem calling students to action; planned Dec. 9 movement in home); p. 62 (press coverage of events censored by Chinese papers; pen names Nym Wales and Hsueh Hai-lun); p. 64 (December 16th movement); p. 69 (foreign correspondence); p. 70 (worked with artists); p. 71 (Chinese short stories published for West); p. 73 (published Living China); p.74 (poetry); p. 76 (Korea trip alone); p. 77 (Communist territory invitation, returned to Peking; interviewed Zhang Xueliang, support for communists against Japan); p. 80 (editorial board, Democracy); p. 81 (editor, democracy); p. 86 (Xian April 23, 1937); p. 87 (journals in the camp, women and children, leaders); p. 94 (observed visitors, GMD reps); p. 97 (Ding Ling); p. 99 (Kang Keqing; wife of Zhu De); p. 100 (divorce and marriage among communists); p. 107 ("The Passing of the Chinese Soviets."); p. 109 (Inside Red China, 1939); p. 117 (Shanghai); p. 125 (children in labor organizations); p. 126 (women in cooperatives); p. 132 (U.S. policy towards China); p. 135 (photographs); p. 136 (Song of Ariran, Korea and Japan interactions); p. 137 (Indusco inspection tour, Chinese Industrial cooperatives campaign); p. 140 (China Builds for Democracy); p. 144 (Dec. 1940 United States); p. 144 (vc American Committee in Aid of Chinese Industrial Cooperatives; China, Indusco II, 1979, founder of I)

UPB files, July 25, 2018 (1931, American consulate; Living China, short stories, 1935; photojournalism; Song of Ariran)

Found in 61 Collections and/or Records:

Helen Foster Snow documents written in Chinese, 1927-1997

 Sub-Series — Box 35: Series 2 [Barcode: 31197227637748]
Identifier: MSS 2219 Series 2 Sub-Series 4
Scope and Contents Contains essays by Helen Foster Snow, a Chinese translation of one of her novels, articles and reports on Helen Foster Snow, papers on Edgar Snow, letters to Helen, articles about Helen's friends and Indusco, copies of articles Helen collected, essays by Edgar, a film on Helen, and letters about Helen and her book. Materials range from 1927 to 1997.This sub-series contains manuscripts in Chinese that deal with a number of various subjects. Only the titles have been translated to...
Dates: 1927-1997

Helen Foster Snow essays, 1919-1993

Identifier: MSS 2219 Series 3 Sub-Series 17
Scope and Contents

Essays written by Helen Foster Snow, ranging from 1919 to 1993. Includes untitled works and pages from unidentified works at the end.

Dates: Other: 1919-1993

Helen Foster Snow family papers, 1833-1999

Identifier: MSS 2219 Series 1
Scope and Contents

Contains research and writings compiled by Helen Foster Snow early in her life regarding her family history and genealogical records of New England.

Dates: 1833-1999

Helen Foster Snow files on China Builds for Democracy, approximately 1941

Identifier: MSS 2219 Series 3 Sub-Series 3
Scope and Contents note

Contains book covers, carbon copy drafts with an alternate title, Indian copy with introduction by Jawaharlal Nehru, complete and partial manuscript drafts in sections, bound copy of the 1941 edition, reviews, notes and research, and letters and essays about the book.

Dates: Other: approximately 1941

Helen Foster Snow files on Fables and Parables, approximately 1952

Identifier: MSS 2219 Series 3 Sub-Series 5
Scope and Contents note

A collection of Helen's short stories published in 1952. Contains annotated and plain carbon copy drafts of the book, reveiws, loose fables, and a partial draft.

Dates: Other: approximately 1952

Helen Foster Snow files on Living China, approximately 1931-1940

Identifier: MSS 2219 Series 3 Sub-Series 9
Scope and Contents note

"Living China" is a collection of short stories related to left-wing Chinese ideology that was translated by Edgar and Helen Foster Snow during their years in China from 1931-1940. Contains an annotated draft, partial drafts, partial photocopy of the published book, article on "The Modern Chinese Literary Movement," excerpts, and reviews.

Dates: Other: approximately 1931-1940

Helen Foster Snow files on My China Papers, approximately 1984

Identifier: MSS 2219 Series 3 Sub-Series 8
Scope and Contents note

Contains draft cuts, alternate titles, extract copies, original and copied drafts in sections, synopsis, edited drafts, companion book drafts, cut and miscellaneous chapters, preparatory stories and essays, autobiographical notes, annotated drafts, correspondence and reviews, loose chapters, and drafts of an alternate version ("East of the Sun West of the Moon").

Dates: Other: approximately 1984

Helen Foster Snow files on New China, undated

Identifier: MSS 2219 Series 3 Sub-Series 10
Scope and Contents note

Contains an introduction, copy of "Biographical Notes and a Comprehensive Bibliography of the Yenan Hui by Magaret Stanley," clipped reviews, edited and annotated drafts, and proofs of "Women in Modern China."

Dates: Other: undated

Helen Foster Snow files on Red Dust, approximately 1952

Identifier: MSS 2219 Series 3 Sub-Series 6
Scope and Contents note

"Red Dust" was a book by Helen Foster Snow (Nym Wales) published in 1952 that told the story of Chinese communist leaders. Contains book reviews, correspondence, edited drafts, annotated and plain partial drafts, carbon copy drafts, miscellaneous pages, extracted chapters, and interviews by Edgar Snow.

Dates: Other: approximately 1952

Helen Foster Snow files on Song of Ariran, approximately 1941

Identifier: MSS 2219 Series 3 Sub-Series 2
Scope and Contents note

The Song of Ariran was a book published in 1941 by Helen Foster Snow that related Korea's fight for independence from Japan. Contains essays and miscellaneous articles about The Song of Ariran, annotated drafts in sections, foreword, preface, preparatory notebooks, correspondence, and copies of Korean essays about the book.

Dates: Other: approximately 1941

Additional filters:

Archival Object 56
Collection 5
China -- Politics and government -- 1928-1937 39
Photojournalism -- China 39
Photojournalists -- China 39
China -- Politics and government -- 1912-1949 35
Politics, Government, and Law 28
∨ more
India 24
Philippines 24
Yan'an Shi (China) 24
Beijing (China) 23
Shanghai (China) 23
Utah 23
Xi'an Shi (China) 23
Letters 21
Drafts (Documents) 18
Genealogy 14
Communes (China) 13
International Relations 13
Journalism 13
Books 12
Articles 11
Photographs 11
Essays 10
Notes 10
Literature 9
Arts, Humanities, and Social Sciences 8
Correspondence 7
Manuscripts 7
Archival materials -- Digitization -- Utah -- Provo 6
Book reviews 6
Connecticut -- Photographs 6
Library exhibits -- Utah -- Provo 6
Workflow management systems -- Utah -- Provo 6
China 5
Colleges and Universities 5
Communism -- China -- History 5
Education 5
Proposals 5
Agendas 4
Conference materials 4
Domestic animals -- Photographs 4
Memorandums 4
United States -- Photographs 4
Asia -- Photographs 3
China -- Photographs 3
Documents 3
Interviews 3
New England -- Genealogy 3
Photojournalism 3
Poetry 3
Research 3
Social Life and Customs 3
Autobiographies 2
Civic Activism 2
Clippings (Books, newspapers, etc.) 2
France -- Photographs 2
Greece -- Photographs 2
India -- Photographs 2
Maps 2
Minutes (Records) 2
Negatives 2
Pamphlets 2
Papers (Documents) 2
Personal papers 2
Publications 2
Reports 2
Research (Documents) 2
Vacations 2
Acetate negatives 1
Agriculture -- China 1
Artifacts 1
Audiocassettes 1
Authors, American -- Biography 1
Bali (Indonesia : Province) -- Photographs 1
Book covers 1
Books -- Reviews 1
Caricatures and cartoons 1
China -- History -- 20th century 1
China -- History -- Republic, 1912-1949 1
Chinese language 1
Clothing 1
Collections management 1
Communism 1
Computer software -- Development -- Utah -- Provo 1
Conference papers and proceedings 1
Contracts 1
DVDs 1
Diaries 1
Digitizing 1
Documentary films 1
Documentation (Activity) 1
East (U.S.) -- Photographs 1
Economics and Banking 1
England -- Photographs 1
Families -- Research -- United States 1
Fiction 1
Financial records 1
Folklore 1
Glass negatives 1
Home and Family 1
Japan 1
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