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United States. Army. Mormon Battalion



  • Existence: 1846-1847

Administrative History

The Mormon Battalion (1846-1847) was a unit in the United States military that served during the Mexican-American War.

The Mormon Battalion, which began official service in July 1846, was the only religiously based united in United States military history. The battalion was a volunteer unit of between 534 and 539 members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Created to assist with the Mexican-American War (which lasted from 1846-1848), the unit marched nearly 2,000 miles from Iowa to San Diego.

The unit was discharged on July 16, 1847, five months after its arrival in San Diego.


Larson, C.V. A data base of the Mormon Battalion, c1987: p. 1 (formed July 16, 1846, at the request of the U.S. govt.) p. 2 (discharged July 16, 1847) p. 4 (U.S. Mormon Battalion)

LC data base, 12/30/87 (hdg.: Iowa Infantry. Mormon Battalion, 1846-1847)

Wikipedia, via WWW, 27 January 2015 (The Mormon Battalion, which began official service in July 1846, was the only religiously based united in United States military history; was a volunteer unit of between 534 and 539 members of the LDS church;Created to assist with the Mexican-American War (which lasted from 1846-1848); marched nearly 2,000 miles from Iowa to San Diego; was discharged on July 16, 1847, five months after its arrival in San Diego)

Found in 19 Collections and/or Records:

Mormon Battalion Association records

Identifier: MSS 8000
Scope and Contents Materials include reports, minutes, biographies, correspondence, histories, newsletters, and other materials from the Mormon Battalion Association and its earlier women's auxiliary organization, both of which were headquartered in Lehi, Utah. The materials document the activities and governance of these organizations, as well as the history of the original Mormon Battalion of 1846-1847. Materials date from between 1846 and 2012.
Dates: 1846-2012

Thomas Morris autobiography

 Item — Folder: 1
Identifier: MSS 7661
Scope and Contents Photocopy of an autobiography of Thomas Morris, written in 1871. Contains an account of his early life in South Wales, including his various occupations and religious affiliations, his emigration to New York in 1832, death of his first wife in 1837, his second marriage, conversion to Mormonism and relocation to Nauvoo in 1844, his impressions of Joseph Smith, and details of service in Mormon Battalion. Concludes with list of his various marriages and dates.
Dates: 1871

Charles H. Oliphant and Orson Bennett Adams autobiographies

 File — Folder: 1
Identifier: MSS SC 155
Scope and Contents Coverless notebook containing handwritten autobiographies of Oliphant and Adams. Oliphant writes of his childhood, meetings with Brigham Young, his work as a horticulturalist, and the Deseret Horticultural Society. Adams' autobiography is written back to front in the same notebook. He writes about his joining the Mormon Battalion along with his wife who worked as a laundress, his settlement in Parowan, Utah, his fighting the Indian Wars, and exploration during the Utah War during which he...
Dates: approximately 1800s

Andrew Jackson Shupe diary

 File — Folder: 1
Identifier: MSS SC 817
Scope and Contents This is a typescript of a diary of a Mexican War soldier who served in the "Mormon Battalion." The diary was kept from 16 July 1846 to 10 Sept. 1847 with a few entries for the years 1848-1855. He was also among the first groups to enter Salt Lake Valley in July of 1847. He went to Winter Quarters in August 1847 and went to Ogden, Utah in 1852. There are numerous gaps in this diary. The entries tend to be short but some are lengthy and detailed. Two small biographies of Andrew Jackson...
Dates: 1846-1855

Maryetta P. W. Slaughter biographies of Charles Hopkins

 File — Folder: 1
Identifier: MSS SC 579
Scope and Contents Two typewritten biographical sketches about Charles Hopkins and his wife, Mary E.S. Hopkins, written by Slaughter and her daughter, Ida Williams Robison, and a printed Mormon Battalion muster roll with handwritten entries which includes information concerning Hopkins.
Dates: undated

John Steele and Mahonri Moriancumer Steele diaries

 Item — Folder: 1
Identifier: MSS 7541
Scope and Contents Collection contains the mission diaries of John and Mahonri M. Steele. Included in the diaries of John are day to day descriptions of his time serving as a Mormon missionary, and serving in the Mormon Battalion. He also gives some family history and autobiographical information about his life prior to the journal. The journals written by Mahonri M. Steele tell about his time as a Mormon missionary to England and Scotland.
Dates: 1840-1893

Louetta Brown Tanner scrapbook

 File — Folder: 1
Identifier: MSS SC 2691
Scope and Contents Scrapbook. Louetta Brown Tanner called it a "diary" which was kept from 13 to 20 March 1950 while she was with the "Sons of Utah Pioneers Mormon Battalion Trek." The scrapbook contains a typewritten account of the trip, poems, post cards, photographs, programs, and newspaper clippings relating to those who followed the route of the Mormon Battalion in 1950.
Dates: 1950

Short life sketch of John S. Whilte, Ann Eliza Adelaide Everett White

 File — Folder: 1
Identifier: MSS SC 3204
Scope and Contents Photocopy of typescript of a microfilm copy. The collection is a biography of John S. White and Ann Eliza Adelaide Everett White. "John S. White Sen., member of Company C. Iowa Volunteers (Mormon Batallion) in Mexican War, 1846, Utah Pioneer." "Ann Eliza Adelaide Everett White, member of Grant's Company of Utah Pioneers." The couple lived in Farmington, Utah.
Dates: 1927

Andrew Jackson Workman autobiography

 File — Folder: 1
Identifier: MSS 5902
Scope and Contents Andrew Jackson writes about his family's conversion to Mormonism in 1839 while living in Tennessee; his settlement at Nauvoo, Illinois, 1843; the exodus west; serving in the Mormon Battalion, and march to California; his work in the gold mines; his arrival in the Salt Lake Valley, 1855; the return trip to California; settling in Kane County, Utah; the death of his wife, Rebecca Deck; his remarriage to Sariah A. Eager, 1866 and the organization of the United Order, 1874.
Dates: 1839-1874