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Translation Sciences Institute records

Identifier: UA 5592

Scope and Contents

Collection contains records from the Translation Sciences Institute at Brigham Young University, including information regarding the Junction Grammar Theory, general records of annual reports, minutes, and correspondence, as well as microfiche used by the institute in computing translations. Also includes materials related to the institute gathered by Charles D. Bush. Materials date from between 1973 and 1992.


  • 1973-1992


Conditions Governing Access

Restricted. Closed for 35 years from the date of creation of the records, and thereafter open to the public in accordance with the University Archives Policy.

Conditions Governing Use

It is the responsibility of the researcher to obtain any necessary copyright clearances. Permission to publish material from Translation Sciences Institute records must be obtained from the Supervisor of Reference Services and/or the L. Tom Perry Special Collections Board of Curators.

Biographical History

Charles D. Bush (1948-2011) was a senior research consultant/Macintosh specialist at the Brigham Young University Humanities Research Center.

Charles Douglas Bush was born in Logan, Utah on July 13, 1948 to Richard Andrew and Muriel Cropper Bush. He served a mission to Finland for the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints from 1967 to 1970. In January 1972 he married Junola Smith in Manti, Utah. He received a bachelor's degree in history (1973) and a master's degree in linguistics (1974) at Brigham Young University and contributed significantly to literature on the topic of computer-aided translation and other aspects of linguistics. He worked at Brigham Young University for thirty-seven years, including work with the Humanities Research Center. Bush passed away on April 13, 2011.

Administrative History

The Translation Sciences Institute (1976-1980) at Brigham Young University functioned to provide machine translation of texts with a minimum of human assistance.

In 1974 then-President of Brigham Young University, Dallin H. Oaks, and Dr. Eldon Lytle presented the idea of a Translation Sciences Institute to the Board of Trustees in an effort to gain funding. The Translation Department of the Church agreed to provide forty percent of the funding, and the project began in 1976. In 1977, President Wilkinson donated the money for a computer dedicated to computer translation work. Originally, the computer was designed to translate accurately and efficiently between English and five other languages: Spanish, French, German, Portugese, and Chinese. The purposes were largely extended to translations of scriptural materials and other church-related texts. Dr. Lytle (1976-1979) and Dr. Gary Carlson (1980) served as directors of the project until funding was withdrawn in 1980.


1 oversize folder (1 linear ft.)

2 boxes (1 linear ft.)

Language of Materials



Contains three series: 1. Translation Sciences Institute records on Junction Grammar, 1973-1978. 2. Translation Sciences Institute general records, 1973-1992. 3. Translation Sciences Institute microfiche, 1974-1982.

Custodial History

Donated by Mel Smith in October 2011.

Immediate Source of Acquisition

Donated; Mel Smith; October 2011.


Office files (University Archives collecting policy, July 2003).

Related Materials

See also the Department of Linguistics and English Language records on the Translation Sciences Institute (UA 1222, Series 4).

Processing Information

Processed; Dani Peterson; October 2011.

Register of Translation Sciences Institute records
Dani Peterson
2011 October 25
Description rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of description
Script of description
Language of description note
Finding aid written in English in Latin script.

Repository Details

Part of the L. Tom Perry Special Collections. University Archives Repository

1130 HBLL
Brigham Young University
Provo UT 84602 US