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William and Annette Curtis cannonball, 1864

 Sub-Series — Box: 4
Identifier: MSS 6223 Series 2 Sub-Series 4

Scope and Contents

Cannonball found near the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints Independence Stake Center and the Community of Christ Temple in Independence, Missouri, approximately 1990. This solid shot, 2.75-inch projectile was likely fired by a Union Army Parrot Rifle during the Second Battle of Independence (21-22 October, 1864).

On the morning of 22 October, Union forces, under the command of Major General Alfred Pleasanton, pursued Confederate General James Fagan's brigades through the community of Independence. Confederate forces attempted to halt the Union onslaught on the high ground of the "Temple Lot." Union Army artillery pieces arrayed on the Temple Lot (to the north and west of the Church of Christ Temple Lot and near the present day Community of Christ Stone Church) laid down heavy artillery fire. Confederate forces were "annihilated" and survivors forced to retreat. Meanwhile, Confederate General James Marmaduke had engaged Pleasanton's Union forces in battle two miles west of Independence, where he repulsed Union forces.

The Second Battle of Independence ended with a Confederate victory. The next day, however, on 23 October, 1864, in what became known as the Battle of Wesport and is sometimes referred to as the "Gettysburg of the West," 30,000 Union and Confederate forces fought a major battle to the west of Independence, in what is now modern Kansas City, Missouri. The Battle of Westport was a victory for Union forces, and effectively ended the Confederate's Missouri campaign.


  • 1864

Conditions Governing Access

Open for public research.

Conditions Governing Use

It is the responsibility of the researcher to obtain any necessary copyright clearances. Permission to publish material from William and Annette Curtis collection of African Americana and church history materials must be obtained from the Supervisor of Reference Services and/or the L. Tom Perry Special Collections Board of Curators.

Biographical History

From the Collection: William Curtis was born in July 1936, and his wife, Annette Wegner Curtis was born in 1938. Together, they work as historians in Independence, Missouri, and mainly focus on African Americana and Mormon church history. They have each published several books.


From the Collection: 1 half box (0.25 linear ft.)

From the Collection: 1 carton (1 linear ft.)

From the Collection: 1 oversize box (1.5 linear ft.)

From the Collection: 3 folders (0.6 linear ft.)