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Grey, Zane, 1872-1939

 Person

Dates

  • Existence: 1872-1939

Biographical History

Zane Grey (1872-1939) was one of the world's most prominent and prolific writers of Western novels.

Pearl Zane Gray was born January 31, 1872, in his ancestral home of Zanesville, Ohio. The fourth of five children born to Lewis M. Gray, a dentist, and Josephine Alice Zane, his was an active boyhood marked by attendance at local schools and participation in many boyhood activities of which fishing and baseball were his favorites.

After serving an apprenticeship with his father, he entered dental school at the University of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia in 1892. Although he was acclaimed for his success as an outstanding shortstop on the school's baseball team, his academic performance was only average. He graduated in 1896, and while practicing dentistry in New York City continued to play baseball with the Athletic Club in East Orange, New Jersey.

In 1900 he met his future wife, editor, and life-long source of encouragement, Lina Elise Roth, known as Dolly. During their five year courtship Gray changed his name to Zane Grey (dropping his first name and changing the spelling of his last), gave up his dental practice, and began a career as an author. After receiving many rejections by publishers, on his own he published his first book, entitled Betty Zane (1903). He and Dolly were married the following year, making their first home in Lackawaxen, Pennsylvania.

Grey's attention was drawn west to the geographic area which would provide the setting for most of his major books when he met Charles Jesse ("Buffalo") Jones in 1906. An older hunter who had set out to preserve and breed buffalo which were in danger of extinction, Jones took Grey to the American Southwest for the purpose of having Grey write a book about his life. Upon returning to the East fired by his experiences, he expressed his sentiments in The Last of the Plainsmen, a book about Jones. In 1910 he published Heritage of the Desert and in 1912 Riders of the Purple Sage. These two books were his first major successes in literature and the ones by which he established his national reputation as an author. Riders of the Purple Sage was enormously successful and is his best known and probably his best loved work.

His greatest sustained success, wealth, and fame came after him, Dolly, and their three children (Romer, Betty, and Lore) moved to Altadena, California, in 1918. Included among his works published during this time were To the Last Man, Tappan's Burro, Forlorn River, The Shepherd of Guadaloupe, Robbers' Roost, and The Trail Driver. By 1930 he was hailed as the most sought after writer in America.

When he was not writing, Grey took lengthy trips to such places as New Zealand, Australia, and Tahiti, where he set world records with his deep sea fishing catches (at one time he held ten world records) and where he had many of the experiences that later served as the basis for some of his writing. He enjoyed hunting and exploring as well, and these activities also found expression in his sports and adventure stories, written for both juvenile and adult readers.

Zane Grey died October 23, 1939, in Altadena, California. During his lifetime he sold nearly 20 million copies of his novels, and another 20 million have been sold posthumously. Before his death he published 40 western romances in addition to works for juveniles, and collections of short stories and books on his adventures as a hunter, explorer, and fisherman. Since his death another 23 of his books have been published. Desert Gold, The Rainbow Trail, The Border Legion, To The Last Man, The Shepherd of Guadaloupe, Robbers' Roost, The Trail Driver, Twin Sombreros, Ride the Man Down, Lost Pueblo, and Boulder Dam; and the novelettes Tappan's Burro, Don The Ranger, Canyon Walls From Missouri, and The Horse Thief.

Citation

Zane Grey: A Biography, 1970 (comprehensive list of book titles, sales statistics)

Wikipedia, website viewed June 14, 2011 (b. Jan. 31, 1872, Zanesville, Ohio; parents: Lewis M. Gray, Josephine Alice Zane Grey; father a dentist; 4th of 5 children; Grey loved fishing and baseball; attended dental school at University of Pennsylvania at Philadelphia from 1892-1896; was shortstop on University baseball team; played baseball with athletic club of East Orange, New Jersey; met wife Dolly in 1900, courted 5 years before marrying; Grey's occupation orginially dentist, then author; rejected by publishers so self-published Betty Zane in 1903; lived in Lackawaxen, Penns. with wife; met Charles Jesse "Buffalo" Jones in 1906; travelled Jones to American Southwest; wrote Last of the Plainsmen about Jones; published Heritage of the Desert in 1910 and Riders of the Purple Sage in 1912; moved to Altadena, Calif. with family in 1918; from 1918-1930 wrote To the Last Man, Tappan's Burro, Forlorn River, The Shepherd of Guadaloupe, Robbers' Roost, and The Trail Driver, among others; took trips to New Zealand, Australia and Tahiti for deep-sea fishing; held ten deep-sea fishing records; Grey hunted and explored; his novels produced into movies; also wrote short stories and recounts of his own adventures; Grey's novels sold 20 million copies before his death and another 20 million copies after; published 40 western romances before death, another 23 published posthumously; married Lina "Dolly" Elise Roth Nov. 21, 1905, New York, N.Y.; children: Romer Zane, Betty, and Loren; d. Oct. 23, 1939, Atlandena, Calif.)

Found in 80 Collections and/or Records:

Loren Grey papers, 1918-1973

 Series
Identifier: MSS 6081 Series 6
Scope and Contents Contains correspondence and articles concerning Loren Grey dating from 1918 to 1973.

Robert Gene McDuffie collection on Zane Grey

 Collection — Multiple Containers
Identifier: MSS 9252
Content Description Contains a collection of letters, photographs, negatives, and film stills related to Zane Grey. Many items relate to photographer Robert Gene McDuffie, and may have been collected by him over time. Correspondence includes professional letters to Zane Grey, personal letters from family, friends, and fans to Zane Grey, and letters between Robert Gene McDuffie and the Grey family. Photographs include Zane Grey and his home in Altadena, California taken by Robert Gene McDuffie, and at least one...

Thomas Pauly papers

 Collection — Box: 1
Identifier: MSS 8947
Scope and Contents Photocopies of research materials on Zane Grey used by Thomas Pauly to write the 2005 book Zane Grey: His Life, His Adventures, His women. Includes materials on Zane Grey's world record fish, "My Living Past," written by Zane Grey, correspondence, a Zane Grey diary photocopy, Dolly Grey diary photocopy, and the "key to Zane Grey's Sex Language Code" photocopy. The Zane Grey items where created by approximately 1900-1925.

Photographs of Lillian Wilhelm Smith artwork, approximately 1925-1970

 Sub-Series
Identifier: MSS 6081 Series 10 Sub-Series 7
Scope and Contents Contains photographs of Lillian Wilhelm Smith and her artwork, predominantly from after Zane Grey's death. It contains photographs of decorative designs and sketches of Native American motifs, the library walls of the Grey home that she decorated, and prints of paintings made by her dating from approximately 1925 to 1970.

Romer Grey photographs, approximately 1915-1980

 Sub-Series
Identifier: MSS 6081 Series 10 Sub-Series 5
Scope and Contents Contains photograph documenting Romer Grey's family and life, mostly after the death of his father in 1939. It contains photographs of Romer Grey from when he was a child, with his wife, Octave "Bea" Grey, and with his son, Romer Grey III. It also documents his role in the Flying Sphynx Ranch, Zane Grey Trails, and his relationship with Margaret A. Ingram dating from approximately 1915 to 1980.

Silvermane / by Zane Grey

 Collection — Multiple Containers
Identifier: MSS 8171
Scope and Contents Nine page manuscript of the short story "Silvermane," by Zane Grey.

Margaret Summerhays collection

 Collection — Multiple Containers
Identifier: MSS P 122
Scope and Contents Collection includes photographs, postcards, and a photograph taken or collected by Margaret Summerhays.

Joe Wheeler collection on Zane Grey

 Collection — Multiple Containers
Identifier: MSS 7641
Scope and Contents Joe Wheeler collection of Zane Grey materials include manuscripts, articles, diaries, correspondence, serials, ephemera, newspapers, plays, photographs, negatives, and other materials by, about, or related to Zane Grey, the Grey family, Joe Wheeler, Zane Grey's West Society, or western life and culture. Dated approximately 1910-1989.

Wildfire / by Zane Grey

 Item — Volume: 1
Identifier: MSS 8798
Scope and Contents Handwritten holograph of the novel "Wildfire," by Zane Grey. Recounts the story of a rancher, a blood feud, and a horse named Wildfire. Novel was published in 1916.

Claire Wilhelm collection on Zane Grey

 Collection
Identifier: MSS 8277
Scope and Contents Contains documentation of Wilhelm's interactions with Grey while accompanying him on various expeditions. The collection contains black and white photographs of Zane Grey and his family, Claire Wilhelm and various other women on trips with Zane Grey, and scenes from Zane Grey movies. It also contains ephemera collected by Claire Wilhelm including silhouettes of Zane and Lina Elise Grey, a Christmas card from Zane Grey to Wilhelm, and a Zane Grey book plate. These materials date from...