Nauvoo Temple (Nauvoo, Ill. : 1841-1850)
- Existence: 1841 - 1850
The Nauvoo Temple (1841-1850), in Nauvoo, Illinois was the second temple built by the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Never fully finished, it was set on fire by arsonists in 1848, and the building was destroyed by 1850.
In October of 1840, the prophet, Joseph Smith, called upon the Saints to help build the Nauvoo Temple. Though some of the construction would require payment, he explained that the temple would be built by the tithes of the people and that male members would perform nearly all the labor. Many volunteered to labor continually, and the men were giving one-tenth part of their time, or one-tenth part of their income, according to circumstances; while women were knitting socks and mittens, and preparing garments for the laborers, so that the men would be made as comfortable as possible while working outside during the winter.
Initially baptisms for the dead were performed in the Mississippi River, but the Saints hastened to prepare the basement of the temple with a temporary wooden font, which rested upon the shoulders of 12 carved oxen. It was dedicated on 8 November 1841, and Saints joyfully began the work for their dead ancestors.
Joseph Smith also taught of temple sealing ordinances that assured family relationships would continue after the Resurrection. On 4 May 1842 the Prophet Joseph Smith administered for the first time what we know as the temple endowment to nine men in a large upper room of his red brick store.
Early in 1844 the Prophet Joseph called together the Quorum of the Twelve and administered to them all the ordinances of the house of the Lord. He proceeded to confer the keys of the sealing power on Elder Brigham Young. The Prophet then declared, “Now if they kill me you have got all the keys, and all the ordinances, and you can confer them upon others.” On 27 June 1844, the Prophet and his brother Hyrum were martyred at Carthage. Construction on the temple stopped then, but only briefly.
On 30 November 1845 the attic story was dedicated, and the administering of endowments commenced on 10 December. Over the next eight weeks, about 5,600 Saints received their temple ordinances, including 295 on the day before wagons began leaving the city and heading west. All felt satisfied that during the two months they occupied the temple in the endowment of the Saints, they were amply paid for all their labors in building it.
Never fully finished, the temple was set on fire by arsonists in 1848. The building was totally destroyed by 1850.
Citation:McGavin, E.C. The Nauvoo Temple, 1962: p. 1 (The year 1841 ... authorized the building of the Nauvoo Temple)
Colvin, Don F. A historical study of the temple at Nauvoo, Illinois, 1962.
The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, via WWW, April 9, 2002 (The Original Nauvoo Temple, Foundation stones had been laid by March of 1841, and an official cornerstone laying ceremony was conducted on 6 April 1841; Portions of the temple were dedicated and used prior to its completion in the spring of 1846. A public dedication service for the Nauvoo temple took place on May 1. An uncontrolled lawless element forced the removal of the Latter-day Saints from Nauvoo, leaving their temple behind. In October 1848, an arsonist destroyed the interior of the temple. In May 1850, a tornado knocked down one wall of the gutted structure and weakened the other walls, which were eventually taken down)
Found in 14 Collections and/or Records:
A. O. Smoot family documents, 1815-1961
Contains receipts, diaries, poetry, account and memo books, certificates and other personal documents, autograph books, invitations, bank notes and warranty deeds, speeches, periodicals, letters, IOUs, and newspaper clippings. Materials are dated approximately 1815 to 1961.
Truman Osborn Angell autobiography
Photocopy of a typewritten autobiograpy. The item includes excerpts from Angell's diary. Angel converted to the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints and supervised a portion of the construction of the Kirtland Temple. He relates faith-promoting stories related to the Kirtland and Nauvoo temples. Also included are patriarchal blessings.
Alexander L. Baugh published articles
Copies of published articles. "Blessed is the First Man Baptised in This Font" in Mormon Historical Studies 3 (Fall 2002) no. 2. "Was Joseph F. Smith Blessed by His Father Hyrum Smith in Liberty Jail?" in Mormon Historical Studies 4 (Spring 2003) no. 1. "From High Hopes to Despair: the Missouri Period 1831-39" in Ensign 31 (July 2001) no. 7.
John Brown letter
E. V. Carter papers
Cheney family papers
Typewritten autobiographical and biographical sketches and copies of correspondence. Describes conversion to Mormon Church, life in Nauvoo, Illinois, immigration to Utah and pioneering in Utah and the West. Also includes a letter from the donor.
Church Historical Sites
This collection contains photographs and postcards of various historical sites relating to The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. These sites include: Nauvoo, Orderville, Kirtland, Palmyra, and various LDS temples. Portraits of people include: Joseph Smith, C.S. Forester, and General Fremont with his wife and daughter. Also included in the collection is a book titled American Frontier Photography and a photograph of the 1955 Utah State Senate 31st session.
Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints records, 1833-1861
Contains deeds and bonds, tithing and donation records, receipts, minutes of conferences, and other materials related to Church business. Includes primarily records from the Kirtland and Nauvoo periods, with many relating to the construction of the Nauvoo Temple. Materials date from between 1833 and 1861.
Robert Filmore letter
Photocopy of a handwritten and signed letter, dated 6 July 1844, and composed in Warren County, Illinois. Filmore writes to "dear children" and tells them about the murder of the first president of the Mormon Church, Joseph Smith, and his brother Hyrum. He also speaks about the Mormon temple in Nauvoo, Illinois.
Joseph E. Arrington manuscripts of the Nauvoo Temple , approximately 1930-1950
- Collection 11
- Archival Object 3
- Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints 7
- Letters 4
- Religion 4
- Diaries 3
- Immigration and American Expansion 3
- Church Government 2
- Kirtland (Ohio) 2
- Pioneers 2
- Account books 1
- American letters 1
- Architects -- Utah -- History 1
- Architectural drawing -- 19th century -- Illinois -- Nauvoo -- History 1
- Architecture 1
- Articles 1
- Arts, Humanities, and Social Sciences 1
- Autobiographies 1
- Baptism for the dead 1
- Baptism for the dead -- History 1
- Certificates 1
- Church records and registers 1
- Deeds 1
- Documents 1
- Drawings 1
- Frontier and pioneer life 1
- Home and Family 1
- Illinois -- Politics and government -- To 1865 -- Sources 1
- Mayors -- Utah -- Provo -- History 1
- Methodism -- History -- Sources 1
- Middle West -- Description and travel 1
- Minutes (Records) 1
- Mormon Church 1
- Mormon Church -- History -- 19th century 1
- Mormon Church -- History -- Pictorial works 1
- Mormon Church -- Missions -- Southern States -- History 1
- Mormon Church -- Presidents -- History 1
- Mormon Pioneer National Historic Trail 1
- Mormon Pioneer National Historic Trail -- History 1
- Mormon temples -- Illinois 1
- Mormon temples -- Illinois -- Nauvoo 1
- Mormons 1
- Mormons -- Emigration and immigration 1
- Mormons -- Illinois -- Nauvoo -- History 1
- Mormons -- Persecutions 1
- Nauvoo (Ill.) 1
- Nauvoo (Ill.) -- Church history -- 19th century 1
- Nauvoo (Ill.) -- History 1
- Notes 1
- Orderville (Utah) 1
- Overland Journeys to the Western United States 1
- Palmyra (N.Y.) 1
- Pariarchs (Mormon theology) 1
- Patriarchal blessings (Mormon Church) -- History 1
- Photocopies 1
- Photographs 1
- Poetry 1
- Postcards 1
- Presbyterianism -- History -- Sources 1
- Presidents -- Succession 1
- Receipts (Acknowledgments) 1
- Research (Documents) 1
- Scrapbooks 1
- Social Life and Customs 1
- Transcripts 1
- Typescripts 1
- Utah 1 + ∧ less