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F. V. Hayden United States Geological scrapbook

 Item — Box: 1
Identifier: MSS 9569

Scope and Contents

This collection is a scrapbook compiled under the direction of F.V. Hayden and containing 258 albumen silver prints taken by William Henry Jackson of landmarks in and around what is known now as Yellowstone National Park. There are handwritten notes, in Russian, made by A.P. Pavlov at a later date. Materials are dated 1869-1875.


  • 1869-1875


Language of Materials

Descriptions are printed in English and include a Russian translation below them.

Conditions Governing Access

Photographs: Open for public research. Items kept in cold storage; access requires 24 hours advance notice.

Conditions Governing Use

It is the responsibility of the researcher to obtain any necessary copyright clearances. Permission to use material from this collection must be obtained from Reference Services at

Biographical / Historical

Ferdinand Vandeveer Hayden was born on September 7, 1829, in Westfield, Massachusetts to Asa Hayden and Melinda Hawley. He graduated from Oberlin college in 1850 and Albany medical college in 1853. In 1856, Ferdinand was appointed the assistant to Lieutenant G.K. Warren in the exploration of the Yellowstone and Missouri Rivers and the Black Hills. He was a surgeon and naturalist for Captain W.F. Reynolds' expedition to the upper tributaries of Yellowstone, which resulted in his Geological Report of the Explorations of the Yellowstone and Missouri Rivers in 1859-60. Hayden was a surgeon during the Civil War in the Federal army from 1862-1865. While serving, he rose to the role of Chief Medical Officer of the Army of the Shenandoah and received a brevet to lieutenant colonel. After the war, he became a professor of mineralogy and geology at the University of Pennsylvania where he worked until 1872. In 1867, Hayden was appointed geologist in charge of the U.S. geological and geographical survey of the territories. He married Emma Copper Woodruff on November 2, 1871, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Together they had one child. Also in 1871, Hayden led America's first federally funded survey into the Yellowstone region with a group of fifty men, including Thomas Moran, painter, and William Henry Jackson, photographer. This expedition resulted in his five-volume publication titled Department of the Interior: United States Geological Survey of the Territories which was instrumental in convincing Congress to establish Yellowstone as the first U.S. National Park. Hayden died on December 22, 1887, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Biographical / Historical

William Henry Jackson was born April 4, 1843, in Keeseville, New York. He was a man of great energy and love for the outdoors and especially the breadth and heights of the mountain West. His life spanned the first century of the new visual art of photography and the great era of westward expansion. He began his photography career in 1858 in New York as a photographic retouching artist in the burgeoning photography industry and ended it in New York City with his death in 1942. In between these years he became increasingly proficient in his chosen field through his studio and field work in Omaha, Nebraska, his nine year odyssey as the official photographer with Ferdinand Vandeveer Hayden’s United States Geological Survey of the Territories, his 15 years in Denver, Colorado, 17 months of Asian and Pacific travel with the World Transportation Commission, his 27 years in Detroit associated with the Detroit Photographic Company and its successor the Detroit Publishing Company, and finally his highly productive "so-called" retirement years from 1924 to 1942. He died on June 30, 1942, in New York, New York at the age of 99.

Biographical / Historical

Aleksei Petrovich Pavlov (A.P.) was born on November 19, 1854, in Moscow, Russia. A.P. graduated from Imperial Moscow University in the natural department of the Faculty of Physics and Mathematics. In 1880, he was invited to be a curator of the Geological and Mineralogical offices at Moscow University. He rose from curator to head of the department of geology and paleontology in 1884 and professor emeritus of the university in 1909. He was an academician of the St. Petersburg Imperial Academy of Sciences. While attending lectures, A.P. met his future wife, Maria Vasilevna Gortynskaya (M.V.) who was a graduate of the Sorbonne. They were married on May 26, 1885, in Moscow, Russia. She became an honored paleontologist and academician. A.P. participated in eight sessions of the International Geological Congress. He published over 160 works in the fields of stratigraphy and paleontology. They immigrated to the United States in 1893. Together, A.P. and M.V. were awarded the medal of A.Godri, the highest award of the Geological Society of France. The work of the Pavlovs grew into a large Geological-Paleontological Museum, which was named after them in 1926. A.P. died on September 9, 1929, in a town called Bad Taurz, which is present day Germany, Bavaria.


1 volume (unpaged) : Leather, cloth, paper, silver halide emulsion ; 41 x 27 cm

Custodial History

The collection was acquired by a Russian Geologist, identified as Alexei Petrovich Pavlov, and then was in the custody of a private White Russian collection in Spain from which Serge Plantureux, of Italy, purchased it. Serge sold the collection to the Andrew Smith Gallery Arizona in 2018. The collection was purchased by L. Tom Perry Special Collections from the Andrew Smith Gallery Arizona in May 2022.

Immediate Source of Acquisition

Purchased; Andrew Smith Gallery Arizona; May 2022.


Utah and American West and LDS cultural, social, and religious history (20th Century Western and Mormon Manuscripts collection development policy, Section 5.VII, 2007).


Title on spine: Department of the Interior. United States Geological survey of the Territories.

Processing Information

Processed; Jamie Wiser; 2024.

Register of F. V. Hayden United States Geological scrapbook
In Progress
Jamie Wiser
2024 March 29
Description rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of description
Script of description
Language of description note
Finding aid written in English in Latin script.

Repository Details

Part of the L. Tom Perry Special Collections Repository

1130 HBLL
Brigham Young University
Provo Utah 84602 United States