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Sir Francis Walsingham letter to Sir Edward Hoby

 Digital Record
Identifier: VMSS457_I21_O1
Image of Sir Francis Walsingham letter to Sir Edward Hoby
Image of Sir Francis Walsingham letter to Sir Edward Hoby


  • 1584 October 7


Biographical / Historical

Sir Francis Walsingham (1532-1590) was principal secretary to Queen Elizabeth I of England from 20 December 1573 until his death and is popularly remembered as her "spymaster".

Born to a well-connected family of gentry, Walsingham attended Cambridge University and travelled in continental Europe before embarking on a career in law at the age of twenty. He served as English ambassador to France in the early 1570s and witnessed the St. Bartholomew's Day massacre. As principal secretary to Elizabeth I, he supported exploration, colonization, the use of England's maritime strength and the plantation of Ireland. He worked to bring Scotland and England together. He oversaw operations that penetrated Spanish military preparation, gathered intelligence from across Europe, disrupted a range of plots against Elizabeth and secured the execution of Mary, Queen of Scots.

Francis Walsingham died on 6 April 1590, at his house in Seething Lane. He was buried privately in a simple ceremony in Old St Paul's Cathedral. The grave and monument were destroyed in the Great Fire of London in 1666. His name appears on a modern monument in the crypt listing the important graves lost.

Biographical / Historical

Sir Edward Hoby (1560-1617) was an English diplomat, Member of Parliament, scholar, and soldier during the reigns of Elizabeth I and James I. He was the son of Thomas Hoby and Elizabeth Cooke, the nephew of William Cecil, Lord Burghley, and the son-in-law of Queen Elizabeth's cousin Henry Carey, 1st Baron Hunsdon. Hoby published several works supporting the Protestant cause as well as translations from French and Spanish.


1 sheet (1 page) ; 23 x 20 cm

Language of Materials


General Note

Copy of a letter, written in Latin on 7 October 1584, issued to Sir Edward Hoby by Walsingham. Hoby (1560-1617; here spelled Hobie and Hobbie) was a noted Elizabethan diplomatist.

Repository Details

Part of the L. Tom Perry Special Collections Repository

1130 HBLL
Brigham Young University
Provo Utah 84602 United States