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Francesco Giraldi letter to Sir Francis Walsingham

 Digital Record
Identifier: VMSS457_I11_O1
Image of Francesco Giraldi letter to Sir Francis Walsingham
Image of Francesco Giraldi letter to Sir Francis Walsingham


  • 1576 June 2


Biographical / Historical

Sir Francis Walsingham (1532-1590) was principal secretary to Queen Elizabeth I of England from 20 December 1573 until his death and is popularly remembered as her "spymaster".

Born to a well-connected family of gentry, Walsingham attended Cambridge University and travelled in continental Europe before embarking on a career in law at the age of twenty. He served as English ambassador to France in the early 1570s and witnessed the St. Bartholomew's Day massacre. As principal secretary to Elizabeth I, he supported exploration, colonization, the use of England's maritime strength and the plantation of Ireland. He worked to bring Scotland and England together. He oversaw operations that penetrated Spanish military preparation, gathered intelligence from across Europe, disrupted a range of plots against Elizabeth and secured the execution of Mary, Queen of Scots.

Francis Walsingham died on 6 April 1590, at his house in Seething Lane. He was buried privately in a simple ceremony in Old St Paul's Cathedral. The grave and monument were destroyed in the Great Fire of London in 1666. His name appears on a modern monument in the crypt listing the important graves lost.


1 folded sheet (1 page) ; 32 x 44 cm folded to 32 x 22 cm



General Note

Autograph letter signed by Giraldi, with address to Walsingham on second leaf. Written in Italian from London, England, 2 June 1576. A second letter in regard to the difficulties of Giraldi's secretary in the Netherlands.

Repository Details

Part of the L. Tom Perry Special Collections Repository

1130 HBLL
Brigham Young University
Provo Utah 84602 United States