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Sanford Joseph Heilner and Claire Heilner Freedman collection on the Aron Heilner family

 Collection
Identifier: MSS 6721

Scope and Contents

Collection contains letters written to brothers Sigmund and Seligmann Heilner, Jewish German immigrants in America, sent from the Heilner family in Germany. Also includes letters sent between Sigmund and Seligmann in America, and between them and their spouses and family members in America. Each handwritten letter is either transcribed from English or translated from German (many in Old German script) to English. Also contains business records, mainly about the Heilner's department store in Baker City, Oregon, photographs, transcribed entries from Sigmund Heilner's diary, ephemera, and other historical clippings and documents that give context to the subjects and places mentioned in letters and records. Claire Heilner Freedman and Joseph Sanford Heilner have included their own historical narrative in the collection, typed on sheets and filed between each item. The collection also has some material on Helmut Richard Otto Heilner. Materials are dated 1813 to 2013, with the bulk dated between 1850 and 1920.

Dates

  • approximately 1813-2013
  • Majority of material found within 1850-1920

Creator

Language of Materials

Materials are in German and English, including Old German script.

Conditions Governing Access

Open for public research.

Conditions Governing Use

It is the responsibility of the researcher to obtain any necessary copyright clearances. Permission to use material from this collection must be obtained from Reference Services at specialcollections@byu.edu.

Biographical History

Sanford Joseph Heilner (1936-1985) was an entrepreneur and genealogist.

Sanford Joseph Heilner was born on April 21, 1936, to Sanford and Marion Yancey Heilner. He was raised in Baker, Oregon. In 1956, when he was 19, he was called to serve a mission for the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints in Stuttgart, Germany. While there he learned to love not only the German people but the German language. As always he learned it perfectly and used it throughout his life. Upon his return from his mission, Sanford completed his college education at Brigham Young University, married Margaret Madsen, had a family, and became successful in his professional life. Around 1977, he decided to teach himself to read Old German script in order to translate over 1000 family letters. He and Margaret visited Germany several times to facilitate this project. Sanford died October 26, 1985, at the age of 49.

Biographical History

Claire Heilner Freedman (1933- ) is a genealogist.

Claire Rose Heilner Freedman was born April 21, 1933. Claire developed a love of family history from her mother. As a child she would play under her mother's "genealogy table" as her mother would do family history research and tell Claire stories of her ancestors. Most of her young life was spent in Baker, Oregon where she was educated until her junior year in high school. She then transferred to a girl's school in Tacoma, Washington where she completed her high school years.

After attending college at University of California, Los Angeles, Claire married Eugene Freedman and moved to his native New York. They had five children. When the last child went to junior high school, Claire attended New York University, earning her master's degree in history and an archival certificate in Archival Management and Historical Editing. She became proficient in family history research and used her skills in helping others.

Claire's husband, Eugene Freedman, passed away in 2020. Claire was a resident of Provo, Utah, as of 2012.

Biographical History

Seligmann Heilner (1823-1886) was a German immigrant to the United States and an entrepreneur.

Seligmann Heilner was born on January 3, 1823. He was a German immigrant and American entrepreneur. Seligmann was born to parents Aron and Magdalene Heilner in Germany. Since Aron and Magdalene were not married through the German government, the birth of Seligmann was not recognized by law. No civil record has ever been found of this birth. Seligmann moved to America in 1845 to fulfill his father's wishes. Seligmann made his way over land to California in 1849 in the midst of the gold rush. Upon crossing over the country, Seligmann stopped in Cincinnati where he acquired a large amount of debt. The situation became so dangerous that Seligmann changed his identity to E.D. Cohen so he would not be followed. That name stuck with Seligmann through all his business ventures. After Seligmann fled from Cincinnati, he moved to Crescent City, California where he worked in partnership with a man named Julius Simonsfeld. Together they ran a small clothier business.

Seligmann was able to assist in the immigration of his younger brother, Sigmund, to California. With Sigmund, Seligmann travelled around the western United States in search of a profitable business. Seligmann found luck but also loss in the gold mining business. In 1872, the brothers built a stone store in Sparta, Oregon. The two brothers sold goods and supplies to miners. The Sparta store was left to Seligmann as Sigmund moved to Baker, Oregon to open another store. On October 31, 1886 two lawyers from Baker got into a fight with Seligmann (E.D. Cohn) over a case that the lawyers were arguing in court. G.C. Israel, the lawyer, became so angry with Seligmann that he shot and killed him, assisted by another lawyer, O.M. Thorndyke. Seligmann's murderers were never charged as the lawyers bribed the judge who was charged with the responsibility to condemn the two lawyers. Sigmund tried for a long time to have the judgment overturned, but could not combat the corrupt system.

Biographical History

Sigmund Heilner (1834-1917) was a German Jewish immigrant and an entrepreneur.

Sigmund Heilner was born on August 13, 1834. Sigmund Heilner was the second son born to parents Aron and Magdalene Heilner in Urspringen, Germany. Aron Heilner believed that Sigmund would be the one to go to America and extract the Heilner family out of poverty. At the age of 19 Sigmund left to travel to America and eventually meet up with his older brother Seligmann who was already there. Sigmund set sail to America in July of 1853. Shortly after arriving in New York City, Sigmund moved to Washington, D.C where he worked until his brother Seligmann was able to send Sigmund $200.00, the amount needed to make the journey to the West coast. Sigmund boarded a steamship travelling a route that took him around the tip of South America, Cape Horn, and into the port of San Francisco where he proceeded directly onto Crescent City, California to meet Seligmann.

The two brothers worked hard to send money back to their family in Germany. Sigmund quickly learned that selling goods to the miners was more advantageous than standing in cold creeks prospecting for gold. Sigmund immediately settled in Browntown, Oregon where he opened a small store. Retailing became the main thrust of his business life. In 1860, Sigmund briefly entered the freight forwarding business in Crescent City. As goods began to be delayed and hard to forward due to winter storms at sea, the business began to fall. In December 1860, Sigmund abandoned the trade and returned to his store in Browntown. In 1865 Seligmann and Sigmund bought a gold mine in Jackson County, Oregon (now Oakland, CA). However by February 18, 1867 the mine had completely failed and resulted in the brothers declaring bankruptcy. Sigmund began peddling and selling goods along with his own paintings. He then went to Portland, Oregon where he worked for the Alaska Fur company. Shortly after, he moved to Brooklyn, California where he put together the means to build a little store which later burned down. For a brief time Sigmund returned to Germany to see if there was a place for him there. However, Sigmund quickly learned that like Seligmann, the brothers did not want to share their business, the very businesses Sigmund and Seligmann had, in great part, funded. In addition, Sigmund realized that he was now accustomed to the unrestricted life of America and after a month returned to Portland. Sigmund met Clara Neuberger in Portland and were married on June 14, 1874.

In 1872 Sigmund and his brother Seligmann reunited to build a stone store in Sparta, Oregon. The two brothers, once again, sold goods and supplies to miners. In 1876 Sigmund left the Sparta store to Seligmann and Clara and Sigmund moved to Baker City, Oregon. It was there where Sigmund and Clara settled. Sigmund opened one of Baker’s first stores and became a generous means of support for his family. In addition to operating his retail business, Sigmund became heavily involved in real estate, buying and selling extensive property in the town and county of Baker. He became the Baker banker. In addition, he was a State insurance agent, rancher, owner of Mammoth mine, built and owned the Baker theater, a fine artist, owned and ran timberland. He was elected mayor of Baker. Sigmund and Clara together had four children, Jesse Seligmann Heilner (1875), Joseph Jacob Heilner (1877), Mildred Heilner (1879), and Sanford Heilner (1883). Although Sigmund died on September 7, 1917, his success was passed on to his children as his son and two nephews continued running the Heilner store.

Biographical History

The Heilner family were German Jewish immigrants to the United States. The family descended from Aron Heilner (1802-1891), a Jewish teacher, and his wife Magdalene Hirsch. They had four sons and three daughters; their sons Sigmund and Seligmann moved to America in the 1840s and 1850s.

Biographical History

Helmut Richard Otto Heilner (1917-2013) was a factory worker.

Helmut Richard Otto Heilner was born on January 7, 1917 in Stuttgart, Necker, Germany. He married Sybil Weinberger right after World War II and entered the United States in 1946. He and his wife had two sons, born 1951 and 1954. Heilner worked as a factory employee for Nestle, and then for General Mills. He died on July 6, 2013.

Extent

1 half box (0.25 linear ft.)

12 boxes (6 linear ft.)

Arrangement

Arranged in four series: 1. Aron Heilner family letters and documents, approximately 1813-2010. 2. Heilner family business letters and documents, 1826-2010. 3. Heilner family letters between American family members and associates, approximately 1860-2009. 4. Helmut Richard Otto Heilner papers, 1846-2013.

Custodial History

Records passed from Sigmund Aron Heilner to Joseph Jacob Heilner to Sanford and Marion Yancey Heilner to Sanford Joseph Heilner to Claire Heilner Freedman. In 1977, Sanford Joseph Heilner, great-grandson of Aron Heilner began to translate the old German script letters to English. Claire Heilner Freedman, great-granddaughter of Aron Heilner, donated the collection to Brigham Young University in 2009 where she also processed the collection.

Immediate Source of Acquisition

Donated; Claire Heilner Freedman; 2009.

Appraisal

Utah and the American West and LDS cultural, social, and religious history (19th century Western & Mormon Manuscripts collection development policy, 5.VII, 2007).

Accruals

No more anticipated additions to the materials.

Processing Information

Processed; Claire Heilner Freedman, Elizabeth Wood, and John M. Murphy; 2009 to 2012.

Processing Information

Processed; Karen Glenn and Jamie Wiser; 2020 April; Added file and item numbers, consolidated series boxes and replaced folders, updated notes, subjects, and titles throughout, specified language of files and items.

Creator

Title
Register of Sanford Joseph Heilner and Claire Heilner Freedman collection on the Aron Heilner family
Status
Completed
Author
Claire Heilner Freedman, Elizabeth Wood, John M. Murphy
Date
2012 June 18
Description rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of description
English
Script of description
Latin
Language of description note
Finding aid written in English in Latin script.

Repository Details

Part of the L. Tom Perry Special Collections Repository

Contact:
1130 HBLL
Brigham Young University
Provo Utah 84602 United States