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Schwob, Marcel, 1867-1905


Biographical History

Marcel Schwob (1867-1905) was a prolific Jewish French writer best known for his symbolic short stories and newspaper articles.

Marcel Schwob was born on August 23, 1867 in Chaville, Hauts-de-Seine, France, to parents George Schwob and Mathilde Cahun. As a child and young adult he enjoyed reading the works of Edgar Allan Poe and Robert Louis Stevenson, which would influence his writing later in life. His parents put a strong emphasis on education during his childhood, so as a child Schwob was multilingual and had many tutors and opportunities to further his studies. In 1881, Schwob studied at Lycée Louis-le-Grand in Paris, France and in 1884 he received his baccalauréat.

In 1885, Schwob served in the military and when he returned three years later he continued to take linguistic courses. He also began his literary career by working at the Archives Nationales in 1890 and contributing articles to French newspapers and magazines such as Le Phare and L'Echo de Paris. He published his first collection of stories titled Coeur double in 1891, and continued to publish short stories, books, and articles until 1895. The last few years of his life were marked by persistent illness, but Schwob still married Marguerite Moreno, a French actress, in 1900, and traveled to Samoa and throughout Europe in 1901 and 1904.

Schwob died on February 26, 1905 in Paris, France.

Harold B. Lee Library Digital Collections, via WWW, March 4, 2014 (born August 23, 1867; Chaville, France; George Schwob and Mathilde Cahun; parents strong emphasis on education; multilingual; tutors and educational opportunities; 1881, Lycée Louis-le-Grand in Paris, France; 1884, baccalauréat; 1885, military; took linguistic courses three years later; worked at archives nationales in 1890; articles to French newspapers; Le Phare, L'Echo de Paris; published first collection of short stories in 1891, Couer double; published literary work until 1895; persistent illness; married Marguerite Moreno in 1900, actress; traveled to Samoa, 1901; traveled through Europe 1904; died February 26, 1905 in Paris, France)

His Mœurs des diurnales, 1926.

W.G.C. Byvanck papers, 1891(Marcel Schwob (23 August 1867-12 February 1905) was a Jewish French writer)

Found in 6 Collections and/or Records:

W. G. C Byvanck letters to Marcel Schwob

 File — Folder 1: [Barcode: 31197230326073]
Identifier: MSS SC 2738
Scope and Contents

Photocopies of handwritten and signed letters addressed to Marcel Schwob, a French writer. The items are in French. Byvanck writes about the history of the colloquial French language and Francois Villon, a French poet.

Dates: 1889-1894

W. G. C. Byvanck papers

 Collection — Folder 1: [Barcode: 31197233635983 ]
Identifier: MSS 3847
Scope and Contents

Contains a bound paper photocopy of Byvanck's notes from interviews with impressionist artists in preparation for the book Un Hollandais a Paris en 1891. The impressionists he wrote about include artists such as: Aristide Bruant, Jean Moreas, Ernet Raynaud, Paul Verlaine, Leon Cahun, Claude Monet, Jules Renard, and Maurice Barres. The manuscript was sent to Marcel Schwob (1867-1905), who wrote corrections in the margins. The original is lost.

Dates: 1891

John Alden Green papers

 Collection — Carton 1: [Barcode: 31197225543161]
Identifier: MSS 2361
Scope and Contents Includes research notes about the works of Marcel Schwob concerning the Dreyfus Affair, photocopies, correspondence, journal and newspaper articles concerning French history, circa 1890-1906, and the Panama Scandal of 1889. Also included are photocopied articles on the "last days" by Wilford Woodruff and Internet references of the early visions of Mormon Church prophet Joseph Smith. There are also some research notes regarding Germany in World War II and an annotated set of LDS Church...
Dates: approximately 1981-1999

Marcel Schwob correspondence

 Collection — Multiple Containers
Identifier: MSS 8401
Scope and Contents Materials contain copies of the original correspondence from Marcel Schwob to W.G.C. Bijvanck dated 1891-1898 and a letter from Maurice Barrès to Marcel Schwob written in 1892. The letters are written in French and Schwob seems to send most of his from Paris, France. Folder 1 contains the copies of letters 2-37 from Schwob to Bijvanck; Folder 2 contains letter 56 from Barrès to Schwob; and Folder 3 contains extra copies of some of the letters. The documents are ordered according to the way...
Dates: 1891-1898

Marcel Schwob letters

 Collection — Multiple Containers
Identifier: Vault MSS 54
Scope and Contents

Handwritten letters in French with typewritten copies. Also included are 13 reels of microfilm. The materials are originals and copies of published and unpublished letters of Schwob. Most of the items were written to Schwob's parents and deal largely with family matters.

Dates: 1880-1905

Marcel Schwob papers

 File — Folder 1: [Barcode: 31197232490604]
Identifier: MSS 662
Scope and Contents

Miscellaneous papers and photographs relating to Marcel Schwob. Two of the items are birth certificates for Isaac Schwob, two of the items are portraits of Schwob, a certificate of marriage, and a publisher's agreement.

Dates: 1867-1900