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Smoot, Reed, 1862-1941



  • Existence: 1862 - 1941

Biographical History

Reed Smoot (1862-1941) was a Republican senator from Utah (1903-1933) and an apostle in the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (1900-1941).

Reed Owen Smoot was born in Salt Lake City, Utah on January 10, 1862 to former mayor of Salt Lake City, Abraham O. Smoot and Anne Kristina (Morrison) Smoot. Reed Smoot attended public schools and the University of Utah, and graduated from Brigham Young Academy in Provo, Utah in 1879. After graduation, he served as a missionary for the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints in England. He married Alpha M. Eldredge of Salt Lake City on September 17, 1884. They were the parents of seven children.

On April 8, 1900, Smoot was ordained as an apostle of the Church and became a member of the Church's Quorum of the Twelve Apostles. After becoming an apostle in 1900, Smoot received the approval of church president Joseph F. Smith to run for office in 1902. He was elected the same year to the United States Senate (58th Congress) as a Republican Senator, representing the state of Utah. His election sparked a bitter four-year battle in the Senate on whether Smoot was eligible or should be allowed to serve, due to his position as an apostle. As a result, the Senate began an investigation into Smoot's eligibility. The Smoot Hearings began on January 16, 1904. On February 20, 1907 the Senate defeated the proposal and Smoot was allowed to serve in the Senate. Smoot was reelected in 1908. The Senate bill creating the National Park Service was sponsored by Reed Smoot. Additionally, Smoot was Chairman of the Senate Finance Committee from 1923 to 1933 and served on the Senate Appropriations Committee. He served as a delegate to the Republican national convention in 1908, 1912, 1916, 1920, and 1924. He was Chairman of the 1928 Resolutions Committee at the 1928 Republican National Convention and chairman of the Republican Senatorial Campaign Committee. Smoot was a co-sponsor of the Smoot-Hawley Tariff in 1930. Smoot continued to serve in the Senate until March 1933.

After his retirement, Smoot moved back to Salt Lake City. He died on February 9, 1941 and is buried in Provo, Utah.

Citation:, Accessed April 29, 2013 (born Salt Lake City Utah January 10, 1862; parents Abraham O. Smoot, Anne Kristina Morrison; attended public school, University of Utah, graduated Brigham Young Academy 1879; LDS mission to England; married Alpha M. Eldredge September 17 1884, seven children; ordained LDS apostle April 1900, member of Quorum of Twelve Apostles; with Prophet's approval, elected Republican Senator for Utah 1902; eligibility investigated as LDS Apostle, Smoot Hearings held 1904-1907; re-elected 1908, sponsored National Park Service bill; Chairman of Senate Finance Committe, 1923-1933; Senate Appropriations Committee; delegate Republican National Convention: 1908, 1912, 1916, 1920, and 1924; Chairman, Resolutions Committee, 1928 Republican National Convention; Chairman, Republican Senatorial Campaign Committee; so-sponsor, Smoot-Hawley Tariff Act, 1930; completed service in Senate 1933; returned to Salt Lake City, died February 9, 1941; buried in Provo, Utah). )

Found in 42 Collections and/or Records:

Carlos Ashby Badger papers

 Collection — Multiple Containers
Identifier: MSS 1298
Scope and Contents

Photocopies of diaries, correspondence, and scrapbooks. The correspondence is largely between Carlos Badger and his wife Rose Jenkins Badger. Most of the diaries were kept while Badger served as personal secretary to the United States Senator from Utah, Reed Smoot. The materials deal with the congressional hearings dealing with Smoot, mormon polygamy, Mormon temple endowments, and the politics of both Utah and the United States

Dates: 1895-1939

Brigham Young, Jr. and Reed Smoot memorandum to William David Leigh

 Digital Record
Identifier: MSS3319_I2_F1
Dates: 1891 January 31

Brigham Young, Jr. and Reed Smoot memorandum to William David Leigh, 1891 January 31

 Item — Folder 1: [Barcode: 31197225538112]
Identifier: MSS 3319 Item 2
Scope and Contents

Memorandum written on the Church's European Printing, Publishing, and Emigration Office letterhead in Liverpool, England. Young and Smoot write to Leigh informing him of the date of his departure from England, which is to be February 7, 1891.

Dates: 1891 January 31

Herald R. Clark collection of bank records

 Collection — Multiple Containers
Identifier: MSS 253
Scope and Contents

Contains minute books, ledgers, balance books, cash books, blotter books, stock certificate books, and letter press books. The materials document operations of the First National Bank of Provo, the Provo Commercial and Savings Bank, and the Ogden State Bank. Collection includes stock certificates for John Taylor, Reed Smoot, Erastus Snow, George Q. Cannon, A. O. Smoot, and others. Also includes notes and letters of Reed Smoot, Warren Dusenberry, and others. 131 v.

Dates: 1882-1935

James R. Clark papers

 Collection — Multiple Containers
Identifier: MSS 2295

This collection contains materials used by James R. Clark in writing the six volumes of Messages of the First Presidency. The material covers the years 1824 -1984. It also contains several drafts of each of the volumes.

Dates: 1824-1984

Ida Smoot Dusenberry papers

 Collection — Box 1: [Barcode: 31197232535960]
Identifier: MSS 1432
Scope and Contents

Collection includes biographical materials, correspondence, writings and notes, newspaper clippings and mementos relating mainly to her personal and family history. Includes funeral guest register and transcript of funeral.

Dates: 1881-1955

The funeral services of John W. Hoover

 File — Folder 1: [Barcode: 31197230324276]
Identifier: MSS SC 2508
Scope and Contents

Typewritten copy of the funeral services for John Whitmer Hoover on 29 May 1902. Among the speakers was the Mormon Apostle, Reed Smoot. Among the other speakers were John Edge Booth, Myron Tanner, and David John. Hoover's father joined the Mormon Church and moved his family to Nauvoo, Illinois in 1842 and later to Utah. John Hoover was a miller who married Mary Coursey in 1855 and lived in Springville, Utah. He moved to Provo, Utah in 1861. Also included is a biography of Hoover.

Dates: approximately 1902-1925

Henrietta ("Ettie") Pratt Russell letters, 1917 May 21

 File — Box 3: Series 3; Series 4 [Barcode: 31197233277596], Folder: 10
Identifier: MSS 1511 Series 3 File 35
Scope and Contents

Contains one letter to Henrietta Pratt Russell from Reed Smoot, and one concerning the Pratt Family Reunion. Dated May 21, 1917.

Dates: 1917 May 21

James R. Clark index card boxes, undated

Identifier: MSS 2295 Series 1
Scope and Contents note

Notecards on Adam, the origin of man, Old Testament prophets, the Council of the Fifty, the Pearl of Great Price, cosmology, etc.; also biographies and assorted biographical information.

Dates: Other: undated

James R. Clark index cards, 1951-1970

Identifier: MSS 2295 Series 4
Scope and Contents note

Boxes containing 5 x 8" index cards for the years 1951-1970 and 3 x 5" index cards for the years 1961-1970.

Dates: Other: 1951-1970