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Paul IV, Pope, 1476-1559

 Person

Dates

  • Existence: 1476-1559

Biographical History

Paul IV (1476-1559) was pope of the Catholic Church from 1555 to 1559.

Paul IV, originally named, Gian Pietro Carafa, was born June 28, 1476 in Capriglia Irpina, Naples. Under Leo X he was an ambassador for England and then papal nuncio in Spain. In 1536 under Paul III he was made cardinal, and was responsible for a reorganization of the Roman inquisition. He was elected Pope on May 23, 1955, even though Charles V opposed him. He did not like Spaniards and provoked a war against Philip II and Charles V. However, in 1557 he made peace and ended the war. Under him the Roman Inquisition launched a reign of terror. He also established the Ghetto at Rome and enforced separation of Jews from Christians. He died on August 18, 1559.

Citation

Sarpi, P. The papacy of Paul the Fourth, 1673.

Encyc. Brit. (Paul IV; b. Gian Pietro Carafa 6/28/1476; d. 8/18/1559; pope from 1555-1559)

LC data base, 10/9/85 (hdg.: Paulus IV, Pope, 1476-1559; variant: Paulo IV)

Il papato di Paolo IV nella crisi politico-religiosa del Cinquecento, 2008

Wikipedia, via WWW, June 17, 2015 (Pope Paul IV; pope from 1555-1559; b. June 28, 1476; capriglia irpina, Naples; under Leo X ambassador to England and papal nuncio in Spain; d. Aug. 18, 1559)

Encycl. britannica, via WWW, June 17, 2015 (Paul IV; originally named Gian Pietro Carafa; 1536 Paul III became Cardinal; Roman inquisition; elected pope may 23, 1955, charles V opposed; provoked war against spaniards Philip II and Charles V; 1557 made peace ended war; Roma Inquisition launched reign of terror; established Ghetto at Rome and Separation of Jews from Christians)

Found in 2 Collections and/or Records:

Paul IV letter to Philip II

 Item — oversize-folder: 1
Identifier: MSS 8489
Content Description Letter from Pope Paul IV to Philip II to maintain his positions about the refusal of the abdication of Charles V, Philip's father. Also discusses that the papal authority has been discussed too much and obedience of Catholic States is needed. Dated 1555.
Dates: 1555

Paul IV letter to Philip II

 Item — oversize-folder: 1
Identifier: MSS 8492
Content Description Letter from Pope Paul IV to Philip II regarding his intent to drive the Spaniards out of Naples. He tries to justify his will by stating that the Church has power over all kings. Dated 1557.
Dates: 1557