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Philip II, King of Spain, 1527-1598

 Person

Dates

  • Existence: 1527-1598

Biographical History

Philip II (1527-1598) was King of Spain and, as Philip I, king of Portugal from 1580.

Philip II was born in Valladolid, Spain on May 21, 1527 to Charles V and Infanta Isabella. As a child he was trained by his father to take over the Holy Roman Empire. He became the Duke of Milan in 1540 and after marrying Mary I of England he recieved the kingdoms of Naples and Sicily in 1554. In 1555 his father resigned the Netherlands to him and in 1556 the kingdoms of Spain and the Spanish Empire. However, many in fear of his increasing power and zealousness for Catholicism, rebelled against him, such as the Netherlands. He tried conquering England through the Spanish Armada, but was defeated. He was able, however to win the war against the Ottoman Empire. During his lifetime he was married 4 times. He died in El Escorial on September 13, 1598 of cancer.

Citation

Dijk, J. van. Filips II, heerser van een wereldrijk, c1983: t.p. (Filips II)

Columbia encyc. (Philip II, 1527-98, king of Spain, Naples, and Sicily (1556-98) and, as Philip I, king of Portugal (1580-98); ascended the throne on the abdication of his father, Emperor Charles V, who had previously made over to him the Low Countries, Franche-Comté, and the duchy of Milan) p. 1480 (given the Low Countries in 1555)

Netherlands. Ordinancie, statuyt ende gebot prouisionnael onss heeren des Conincx aengaende de printers, boeckvercoopers ende schoelmeesters, 1570: p. 3 (Philips ... Coninck van Castillien ...)

Ḥatāmilah, M. ʻA. al-Tahjīr al-qasrī li-Muslimī al-Andalus fī ʻahd al-Malik Fīlīb al-Thānī ... 1982: t.p. (b. 1527; d. 1598)

Edelmayer, F. Maximilian II., Philipp II. und Reichsitalien, 1988.

La morte e la gloria, c1999: t.p. (Filippo II di Spagna) p. 86 (d. Sept. 13, 1598)

La monetazione di Filippo II d'Asburgo della Zecca di Milano nelle Civiche raccolte numismatiche di Milano (1555-1599), c2000.

Wikipedia, via WWW, June 16, 2015 (Philip II of Spain; b. May 21, 1527 in Valladolid Spain to Charles V and Infanta Isabella; d. El Escorial on Sept. 13, 1598 of cancer)

Encycl. britannica, via WWW, June 16, 2015 (Philip II; trained as child to take Holy Roman Empire; Duke of Milan 1540; Mary I married took over England, Naples, Sicily in 1554; 1555 recieved Netherlands; 1556 recieved Spain and Spanish Empire; Netherlands and other rebelled against him; using Spanish Armada tried taking over Engalnd, but failed; Ottoman Empire war won; married four times)

Found in 23 Collections and/or Records:

Philip II letter

 Collection — oversize-folder: 1
Identifier: MSS 8490
Content Description Letter from Philip II and his counselors to the aristocratic people in charge of land and economic business. The king is asking for more taxes and his counselour explain the reasons the country need more supplies. Dated approximately 1555.
Dates: approximately 1555

Philip II letter

 Item — Folder: 1
Identifier: Vault MSS 759
Scope and Contents Handwritten letter on velum written in Latin and addressed to the captain of the royal army. The item gives orders to tighten the security of Philip's palace at El Escorial.
Dates: 1583

Philip II letter

 Item — Folder: 1
Identifier: Vault MSS 760
Scope and Contents Handwritten letter on velum written in Latin and addressed to members of Philip's family. The item is an announcement that Philip and his third wife, Elisabeth, have had their first child. The child is a girl named Isabel Clara Eugenia. The couple announce their plans to have a large family in order to bless Spain with their descendents who will continue to lead the country in righteousness under the power of God.
Dates: 1566

Philip II letter

 Item — Folder: 1
Identifier: Vault MSS 752
Scope and Contents Handwritten letter on parchment addressed to Philip's court, family, and others which announces the death of his wife Mary I of England. Philip II expresses his grief and explains that Mary would have desired England to be Catholic. He also states that he is the most qualified person to lead England back to Catholicism.
Dates: 1558

Philip II letter

 Item — Folder: 1
Identifier: Vault MSS 747
Scope and Contents Handwritten letter addressed to the people of the kingdom of Spain in support of Henry IV of France. The item explains a law requiring more taxes from the people for supplies.
Dates: 1595

Philip II letter

 Item — Folder: 1
Identifier: Vault MSS 748
Scope and Contents Handwritten letter addressed to the captain of the Royal Army of Spain. The item contains orders for the defense of the borders from a possible invasion by the French.
Dates: 1564

Philip II letter

 Item — Folder: 1
Identifier: Vault MSS 753
Scope and Contents Handwritten letter on velum. Philip II states that Henry IV of France is Catholic again because of Henry's intervention in the religious wars in France. Philip II stresses the importance of a Catholic France and Europe that can grow under the protective wing of the Church. The item is unclearly dated and addressed.
Dates: 1597

Philip II letter

 Collection — Folder: 1
Identifier: Vault MSS 246
Scope and Contents Handwritten and signed letter in Spanish dated September 1, 1576. The item is addressed to the Spanish Parliament in Madrid, Spain. Philip appoints John of Austria as governor and military commander in the Netherlands and Burgundy.
Dates: 1576 September 1

Philip II letters to Alonso de Vargas

 File — Box: 1
Identifier: Vault MSS 505
Scope and Contents 36 letters and documents, all in Spanish. They are mainly in clerical italic scripts, and all have the King's signature (29 are autographed and 7 have the stamped royal signature) with countersignatures by the royal secretaries. All items were sent to Alonso de Vargas (d. 1595), one of the most trusted and able of Philip's commanders. These documents relate to the offensive against the Netherlands revolt during 1574-76, Philip's meticulous preparations to assume the crown of...
Dates: 1574-1591

Philip II letters to Diego de Orellana de Chaves

 Collection — Multiple Containers
Identifier: Vault MSS 504
Scope and Contents Contains 176 handwritten letters (379 leaves and in Spanish) relating to Spain's struggle with her English, French, and Dutch enemies on the seas of western Europe. They especially deal with how to conduct the naval war against Spain's enemies after the defeat of the Armada. The items cover the period of Philip's reign from 1591 to the King's death in September of 1598. Most of the material is addressed to Diego de Orellana de Chaves, the royal governor of Spain's northern coast....
Dates: 1592-1597