Skip to main content

Philip II, King of Spain, 1527-1598



  • Existence: 1527-1598

Biographical History

Philip II (1527-1598) was King of Spain and, as Philip I, king of Portugal from 1580.

Philip II was born in Valladolid, Spain on May 21, 1527 to Charles V and Infanta Isabella. As a child he was trained by his father to take over the Holy Roman Empire. He became the Duke of Milan in 1540 and after marrying Mary I of England he recieved the kingdoms of Naples and Sicily in 1554. In 1555 his father resigned the Netherlands to him and in 1556 the kingdoms of Spain and the Spanish Empire. However, many in fear of his increasing power and zealousness for Catholicism, rebelled against him, such as the Netherlands. He tried conquering England through the Spanish Armada, but was defeated. He was able, however to win the war against the Ottoman Empire. During his lifetime he was married 4 times. He died in El Escorial on September 13, 1598 of cancer.


Dijk, J. van. Filips II, heerser van een wereldrijk, c1983: t.p. (Filips II)

Columbia encyc. (Philip II, 1527-98, king of Spain, Naples, and Sicily (1556-98) and, as Philip I, king of Portugal (1580-98); ascended the throne on the abdication of his father, Emperor Charles V, who had previously made over to him the Low Countries, Franche-Comté, and the duchy of Milan) p. 1480 (given the Low Countries in 1555)

Netherlands. Ordinancie, statuyt ende gebot prouisionnael onss heeren des Conincx aengaende de printers, boeckvercoopers ende schoelmeesters, 1570: p. 3 (Philips ... Coninck van Castillien ...)

Ḥatāmilah, M. ʻA. al-Tahjīr al-qasrī li-Muslimī al-Andalus fī ʻahd al-Malik Fīlīb al-Thānī ... 1982: t.p. (b. 1527; d. 1598)

Edelmayer, F. Maximilian II., Philipp II. und Reichsitalien, 1988.

La morte e la gloria, c1999: t.p. (Filippo II di Spagna) p. 86 (d. Sept. 13, 1598)

La monetazione di Filippo II d'Asburgo della Zecca di Milano nelle Civiche raccolte numismatiche di Milano (1555-1599), c2000.

Wikipedia, via WWW, June 16, 2015 (Philip II of Spain; b. May 21, 1527 in Valladolid Spain to Charles V and Infanta Isabella; d. El Escorial on Sept. 13, 1598 of cancer)

Encycl. britannica, via WWW, June 16, 2015 (Philip II; trained as child to take Holy Roman Empire; Duke of Milan 1540; Mary I married took over England, Naples, Sicily in 1554; 1555 recieved Netherlands; 1556 recieved Spain and Spanish Empire; Netherlands and other rebelled against him; using Spanish Armada tried taking over Engalnd, but failed; Ottoman Empire war won; married four times)

Found in 1 Collection or Record:

Philip II letters to Diego de Orellana de Chaves

 Collection — Multiple Containers
Identifier: Vault MSS 504
Scope and Contents Contains 176 handwritten letters (379 leaves and in Spanish) relating to Spain's struggle with her English, French, and Dutch enemies on the seas of western Europe. They especially deal with how to conduct the naval war against Spain's enemies after the defeat of the Armada. The items cover the period of Philip's reign from 1591 to the King's death in September of 1598. Most of the material is addressed to Diego de Orellana de Chaves, the royal governor of Spain's northern coast....
Dates: 1592-1597