Philip II, King of Spain, 1527-1598
- Existence: 1527 - 1598
Philip II (1527-1598) was King of Spain and, as Philip I, king of Portugal from 1580.
Philip II was born in Valladolid, Spain on May 21, 1527 to Charles V and Infanta Isabella. As a child he was trained by his father to take over the Holy Roman Empire. He became the Duke of Milan in 1540 and after marrying Mary I of England he recieved the kingdoms of Naples and Sicily in 1554. In 1555 his father resigned the Netherlands to him and in 1556 the kingdoms of Spain and the Spanish Empire. However, many in fear of his increasing power and zealousness for Catholicism, rebelled against him, such as the Netherlands. He tried conquering England through the Spanish Armada, but was defeated. He was able, however to win the war against the Ottoman Empire. During his lifetime he was married 4 times. He died in El Escorial on September 13, 1598 of cancer.
Citation:Dijk, J. van. Filips II, heerser van een wereldrijk, c1983: t.p. (Filips II)
Columbia encyc. (Philip II, 1527-98, king of Spain, Naples, and Sicily (1556-98) and, as Philip I, king of Portugal (1580-98); ascended the throne on the abdication of his father, Emperor Charles V, who had previously made over to him the Low Countries, Franche-Comté, and the duchy of Milan) p. 1480 (given the Low Countries in 1555)
Netherlands. Ordinancie, statuyt ende gebot prouisionnael onss heeren des Conincx aengaende de printers, boeckvercoopers ende schoelmeesters, 1570: p. 3 (Philips ... Coninck van Castillien ...)
Ḥatāmilah, M. ʻA. al-Tahjīr al-qasrī li-Muslimī al-Andalus fī ʻahd al-Malik Fīlīb al-Thānī ... 1982: t.p. (b. 1527; d. 1598)
Edelmayer, F. Maximilian II., Philipp II. und Reichsitalien, 1988.
La morte e la gloria, c1999: t.p. (Filippo II di Spagna) p. 86 (d. Sept. 13, 1598)
La monetazione di Filippo II d'Asburgo della Zecca di Milano nelle Civiche raccolte numismatiche di Milano (1555-1599), c2000.
Wikipedia, via WWW, June 16, 2015 (Philip II of Spain; b. May 21, 1527 in Valladolid Spain to Charles V and Infanta Isabella; d. El Escorial on Sept. 13, 1598 of cancer)
Encycl. britannica, via WWW, June 16, 2015 (Philip II; trained as child to take Holy Roman Empire; Duke of Milan 1540; Mary I married took over England, Naples, Sicily in 1554; 1555 recieved Netherlands; 1556 recieved Spain and Spanish Empire; Netherlands and other rebelled against him; using Spanish Armada tried taking over Engalnd, but failed; Ottoman Empire war won; married four times)
Found in 3 Collections and/or Records:
Handwritten letter on parchment addressed to Philip II of Spain from the captain of the royal army. The item is a report on the war in the Netherlands. The author suggests that the Netherlands should not be kept so isolated since they could be an easy target for Spain's enemies. It is also suggested that the Church should be informed that some of its priests are assisting the rebellion.
Handwritten and signed letter in Spanish dated September 1, 1576. The item is addressed to the Spanish Parliament in Madrid, Spain. Philip appoints John of Austria as governor and military commander in the Netherlands and Burgundy.
- Subject: Netherlands -- History -- Eighty Years' War, 1568-1648 X