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Philip II, King of Spain, 1527-1598



  • Existence: 1527-1598

Biographical History

Philip II (1527-1598) was King of Spain and, as Philip I, king of Portugal from 1580.

Philip II was born in Valladolid, Spain on May 21, 1527 to Charles V and Infanta Isabella. As a child he was trained by his father to take over the Holy Roman Empire. He became the Duke of Milan in 1540 and after marrying Mary I of England he recieved the kingdoms of Naples and Sicily in 1554. In 1555 his father resigned the Netherlands to him and in 1556 the kingdoms of Spain and the Spanish Empire. However, many in fear of his increasing power and zealousness for Catholicism, rebelled against him, such as the Netherlands. He tried conquering England through the Spanish Armada, but was defeated. He was able, however to win the war against the Ottoman Empire. During his lifetime he was married 4 times. He died in El Escorial on September 13, 1598 of cancer.


Dijk, J. van. Filips II, heerser van een wereldrijk, c1983: t.p. (Filips II)

Columbia encyc. (Philip II, 1527-98, king of Spain, Naples, and Sicily (1556-98) and, as Philip I, king of Portugal (1580-98); ascended the throne on the abdication of his father, Emperor Charles V, who had previously made over to him the Low Countries, Franche-Comté, and the duchy of Milan) p. 1480 (given the Low Countries in 1555)

Netherlands. Ordinancie, statuyt ende gebot prouisionnael onss heeren des Conincx aengaende de printers, boeckvercoopers ende schoelmeesters, 1570: p. 3 (Philips ... Coninck van Castillien ...)

Ḥatāmilah, M. ʻA. al-Tahjīr al-qasrī li-Muslimī al-Andalus fī ʻahd al-Malik Fīlīb al-Thānī ... 1982: t.p. (b. 1527; d. 1598)

Edelmayer, F. Maximilian II., Philipp II. und Reichsitalien, 1988.

La morte e la gloria, c1999: t.p. (Filippo II di Spagna) p. 86 (d. Sept. 13, 1598)

La monetazione di Filippo II d'Asburgo della Zecca di Milano nelle Civiche raccolte numismatiche di Milano (1555-1599), c2000.

Wikipedia, via WWW, June 16, 2015 (Philip II of Spain; b. May 21, 1527 in Valladolid Spain to Charles V and Infanta Isabella; d. El Escorial on Sept. 13, 1598 of cancer)

Encycl. britannica, via WWW, June 16, 2015 (Philip II; trained as child to take Holy Roman Empire; Duke of Milan 1540; Mary I married took over England, Naples, Sicily in 1554; 1555 recieved Netherlands; 1556 recieved Spain and Spanish Empire; Netherlands and other rebelled against him; using Spanish Armada tried taking over Engalnd, but failed; Ottoman Empire war won; married four times)

Found in 4 Collections and/or Records:

Marcellus II letter to Philip II

 Item — oversize-folder: 1
Identifier: MSS 8494
Scope and Contents Letter from Pope Marcellus II to every Catholic European king to inform them of the changes and the purpose of the Council of Trent. It also talks about the bad health of the pope and his desire to keep peace among the nations. He gives the king a blessing for his endurance in the Catholic faith. Dated 1555.
Dates: 1555

Paul IV letter to Philip II

 Item — oversize-folder: 1
Identifier: MSS 8489
Content Description Letter from Pope Paul IV to Philip II to maintain his positions about the refusal of the abdication of Charles V, Philip's father. Also discusses that the papal authority has been discussed too much and obedience of Catholic States is needed. Dated 1555.
Dates: 1555

Paul IV letter to Philip II

 Item — oversize-folder: 1
Identifier: MSS 8492
Content Description Letter from Pope Paul IV to Philip II regarding his intent to drive the Spaniards out of Naples. He tries to justify his will by stating that the Church has power over all kings. Dated 1557.
Dates: 1557

Vatican Security letter to the Army of Philip II

 Item — oversize-folder: 1
Identifier: MSS 8495
Content Description Letter from the security at the Vatican to the army of Philip II. The Church gives the names of people traveling Europe and preaching revolutionary ideas about freedom of religion. The nation of Spain is blessed because of its faith to the church. At the bottom of the document the secretary of Philip II put the King's symbols as a sign of approval. Dated 1563.
Dates: 1563