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Philip II, King of Spain, 1527-1598

 Person

Dates

  • Existence: 1527-1598

Biographical History

Philip II (1527-1598) was King of Spain and, as Philip I, king of Portugal from 1580.

Philip II was born in Valladolid, Spain on May 21, 1527 to Charles V and Infanta Isabella. As a child he was trained by his father to take over the Holy Roman Empire. He became the Duke of Milan in 1540 and after marrying Mary I of England he recieved the kingdoms of Naples and Sicily in 1554. In 1555 his father resigned the Netherlands to him and in 1556 the kingdoms of Spain and the Spanish Empire. However, many in fear of his increasing power and zealousness for Catholicism, rebelled against him, such as the Netherlands. He tried conquering England through the Spanish Armada, but was defeated. He was able, however to win the war against the Ottoman Empire. During his lifetime he was married 4 times. He died in El Escorial on September 13, 1598 of cancer.

Citation

Dijk, J. van. Filips II, heerser van een wereldrijk, c1983: t.p. (Filips II)

Columbia encyc. (Philip II, 1527-98, king of Spain, Naples, and Sicily (1556-98) and, as Philip I, king of Portugal (1580-98); ascended the throne on the abdication of his father, Emperor Charles V, who had previously made over to him the Low Countries, Franche-Comté, and the duchy of Milan) p. 1480 (given the Low Countries in 1555)

Netherlands. Ordinancie, statuyt ende gebot prouisionnael onss heeren des Conincx aengaende de printers, boeckvercoopers ende schoelmeesters, 1570: p. 3 (Philips ... Coninck van Castillien ...)

Ḥatāmilah, M. ʻA. al-Tahjīr al-qasrī li-Muslimī al-Andalus fī ʻahd al-Malik Fīlīb al-Thānī ... 1982: t.p. (b. 1527; d. 1598)

Edelmayer, F. Maximilian II., Philipp II. und Reichsitalien, 1988.

La morte e la gloria, c1999: t.p. (Filippo II di Spagna) p. 86 (d. Sept. 13, 1598)

La monetazione di Filippo II d'Asburgo della Zecca di Milano nelle Civiche raccolte numismatiche di Milano (1555-1599), c2000.

Wikipedia, via WWW, June 16, 2015 (Philip II of Spain; b. May 21, 1527 in Valladolid Spain to Charles V and Infanta Isabella; d. El Escorial on Sept. 13, 1598 of cancer)

Encycl. britannica, via WWW, June 16, 2015 (Philip II; trained as child to take Holy Roman Empire; Duke of Milan 1540; Mary I married took over England, Naples, Sicily in 1554; 1555 recieved Netherlands; 1556 recieved Spain and Spanish Empire; Netherlands and other rebelled against him; using Spanish Armada tried taking over Engalnd, but failed; Ottoman Empire war won; married four times)

Found in 23 Collections and/or Records:

Charles V letter to Philip II

 Item — Folder: 1
Identifier: Vault MSS 746
Scope and Contents Handwritten letter on parchment to the Emperor's son, Philip II. The item is an instruction to Philip that he can trust Ferdinand I but not the "Bishop of Madrid." Charles warns Philip of the "seditions" in France and orders him to keep the borders of Spain protected. The letter concludes with words of farewell and blessing adjacent to the Emperor's symbol.
Dates: 1555

Charles V letter to Philip II

 Item — Folder: 1
Identifier: Vault MSS 750
Scope and Contents Handwritten letter on parchment to Charles' son Philip II of Spain. The item is a personal correspondence expressing Charles' concern, love, and pride for his son. Also mentioned in the letter are greetings from a personal friend of Philip II named Leonardus.
Dates: 1557

Ferdinand I letter to Philip II

 Item — Folder: 1
Identifier: Vault MSS 755
Scope and Contents Handwritten letter on velum addressed to Philip II of Spain. The item concerns the religious problems in Europe at the time and expresses Ferdinand's opinion that things will correct themselves over time.
Dates: 1560

Frederik II letter to Philip II

 Item — oversize-folder: 1
Identifier: MSS 8493
Content Description Letter from King Frederik II to King Philip II regarding the changes in Europe at that time and the necessity of freedom of religion. Dated 1569.
Dates: 1569

Gregory XIII letter to Philip II

 Item — Folder: 1
Identifier: Vault MSS 754
Scope and Contents Handwritten letter on velum addressed to Philip II of Spain. The item explains that king Sebastian of Portugal left no heirs and therefore Philip II, Sebastian's uncle, would be the appropriate choice as a successor to the throne of Portugal. Philip II includes an addendum on the item explaining that the pope is actually serving his own needs by desiring to put a Catholic king on the throne of Portugal.
Dates: 1578

Letter to Philip II

 Item — Folder: 1
Identifier: Vault MSS 761
Scope and Contents Handwritten letter on velum written in Latin from the court of justice in Spain. The item is addressed to Philip II and requests his signature of approval for the execution of two men condemned for conspiring against the king and the Church. The names of the men are Francisco de Cordoba and Leonardo Sorbieca.
Dates: 1562

Marcellus II letter to Philip II

 Item — oversize-folder: 1
Identifier: MSS 8494
Scope and Contents Letter from Pope Marcellus II to every Catholic European king to inform them of the changes and the purpose of the Council of Trent. It also talks about the bad health of the pope and his desire to keep peace among the nations. He gives the king a blessing for his endurance in the Catholic faith. Dated 1555.
Dates: 1555

King of Spain Philip II military communique

 Collection — Folder: 1
Identifier: Vault MSS 749
Scope and Contents Handwritten letter on parchment addressed to Philip II of Spain from the captain of the royal army. The item is a report on the war in the Netherlands. The author suggests that the Netherlands should not be kept so isolated since they could be an easy target for Spain's enemies. It is also suggested that the Church should be informed that some of its priests are assisting the rebellion.
Dates: 1568

Paul IV letter to Philip II

 Item — oversize-folder: 1
Identifier: MSS 8489
Content Description Letter from Pope Paul IV to Philip II to maintain his positions about the refusal of the abdication of Charles V, Philip's father. Also discusses that the papal authority has been discussed too much and obedience of Catholic States is needed. Dated 1555.
Dates: 1555

Paul IV letter to Philip II

 Item — oversize-folder: 1
Identifier: MSS 8492
Content Description Letter from Pope Paul IV to Philip II regarding his intent to drive the Spaniards out of Naples. He tries to justify his will by stating that the Church has power over all kings. Dated 1557.
Dates: 1557