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United States. Army. Mormon Battalion

 Organization

Dates

  • Existence: 1846 - 1847

Administrative History

The Mormon Battalion (1846-1847) was a unit in the United States military that served during the Mexican-American War.

The Mormon Battalion, which began official service in July 1846, was the only religiously based united in United States military history. The battalion was a volunteer unit of between 534 and 539 members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Created to assist with the Mexican-American War (which lasted from 1846-1848), the unit marched nearly 2,000 miles from Iowa to San Diego.

The unit was discharged on July 16, 1847, five months after its arrival in San Diego.

Citation:
Larson, C.V. A data base of the Mormon Battalion, c1987: p. 1 (formed July 16, 1846, at the request of the U.S. govt.) p. 2 (discharged July 16, 1847) p. 4 (U.S. Mormon Battalion)

LC data base, 12/30/87 (hdg.: Iowa Infantry. Mormon Battalion, 1846-1847)

Wikipedia, via WWW, 27 January 2015 (The Mormon Battalion, which began official service in July 1846, was the only religiously based united in United States military history; was a volunteer unit of between 534 and 539 members of the LDS church;Created to assist with the Mexican-American War (which lasted from 1846-1848); marched nearly 2,000 miles from Iowa to San Diego; was discharged on July 16, 1847, five months after its arrival in San Diego)

Found in 54 Collections and/or Records:

David Pettigrew autobiography and diary

 File — Multiple Containers
Identifier: MSS 473
Scope and Contents Photocopy of a handwritten autobiography and diary with a typescript of the item. Pettigrew (apparently also spelled Pettegrew) started his autobiography in 1840. His diary is sporatic and has many gaps. Pettigrew writes about his conversion to the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints in 1832, his life in Missouri during the persecutions of Mormons there, his experiences in Nauvoo, Illinois, his work as an LDS missionary, his participation in the migration of Mormons from Nauvoo,...
Dates: 1840-1861

Personal histories and life sketches of ancestors of Vera Price

 Collection — Box: 1
Identifier: MSS 1560
Scope and Contents These manuscripts are biographies and autobiographies of ancesters of Vera Price. These individuals include Lewis Dunbar Wilson Jr. and Sr., John Lingren (autobiography), and James Brown (by Gladys Brown White). Most of the biographies are short (several pages) typescripts. There are biographies of 17 members of the Wilson family, 4 of the Price family, 3 of the Hunt family, and 2 of the Walton family. These individuals were Mormons, most of whom lived in Idaho. James Brown was a member...
Dates: approximately 1890-1978

R. Don Oscarson papers on My San Diego, approximately 1977

 Series — Carton: 5, Volume: 3
Identifier: MSS 6292 Series 5
Scope and Contents

Contains a binder containing materials relating to the pageant My San Diego. Materials include scripts, music, correspondence, newspaper publicity, and a CD.

Dates: approximately 1977

Joseph Lee Robinson journal fragments

 File — Folder: 1
Identifier: MSS 5898
Scope and Contents

Joseph Lee Robinson's autobiography and journal, 1852-1893. Joseph Lee Robinson writes about his family, spiritual manifestations, conversion to The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Joseph Smith's teachings, his journey from Nauvoo to Salt Lake City, service as a bishop, how seagulls saved the crops, death of Jedediah M. Grant, his plural wives and his journey to southeast Idaho.

Dates: 1852-1893

Shadrack Holdaway

 File — Folder: 1
Identifier: MSS 1314
Scope and Contents

Typewritten biography of Shadrack Holdaway by his granddaughter. Newren writes about Haldaway's service in the Mormon Battalion and his later life in Provo, Utah.

Dates: approximately 1930

Andrew Jackson Shupe diary

 File — Folder: 1
Identifier: MSS SC 817
Scope and Contents This is a typescript of a diary of a Mexican War soldier who served in the "Mormon Battalion." The diary was kept from 16 July 1846 to 10 Sept. 1847 with a few entries for the years 1848-1855. He was also among the first groups to enter Salt Lake Valley in July of 1847. He went to Winter Quarters in August 1847 and went to Ogden, Utah in 1852. There are numerous gaps in this diary. The entries tend to be short but some are lengthy and detailed. Two small biographies of Andrew Jackson...
Dates: 1846-1855

Maryetta P. W. Slaughter biographies of Charles Hopkins

 File — Folder: 1
Identifier: MSS SC 579
Scope and Contents

Two typewritten biographical sketches about Charles Hopkins and his wife, Mary E.S. Hopkins, written by Slaughter and her daughter, Ida Williams Robison, and a printed Mormon Battalion muster roll with handwritten entries which includes information concerning Hopkins.

Dates: undated

Azariah Smith autobiography and diaries

 Collection — Box: 1
Identifier: MSS 2333
Scope and Contents

Photocopy of a microfilm copy of a handwritten autobiography and diary. Smith was born in New York in 1828 and joined the Mormon Church in 1839. He moved to Nauvoo, Illinois, in 1840. He kept a diary during his service with the "Mormon Battalion" during the War with Mexico from 1846 to 1848. Smith married in 1850 and moved to Sanpete Valley in 1850. He lived in Manti, Utah, and wrote about his activities and experiences there.

Dates: 1846-1912

Azariah Smith diary

 Item — Multiple Containers
Identifier: MSS 554
Scope and Contents

Photocopy of a handwritten diary. Smith writes of his early life until he started his diary in 1846. He tells about his experiences in the Mormon Battalion and the discovery of gold in California in 1848. Smith also writes about his coming to Utah and his life in Manti, Utah. He also relates incidents in the Black Hawk War when the whites fought the Ute Indians. There are many gaps.

Dates: 1846-1912

John Steele and Mahonri Moriancumer Steele diaries

 Item — Folder: 1
Identifier: MSS 7541
Scope and Contents

Collection contains the mission diaries of John and Mahonri M. Steele. Included in the diaries of John are day to day descriptions of his time serving as a Mormon missionary, and serving in the Mormon Battalion. He also gives some family history and autobiographical information about his life prior to the journal. The journals written by Mahonri M. Steele tell about his time as a Mormon missionary to England and Scotland.

Dates: 1840-1893