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Scout Association

 Organization

Administrative History

The Scout Association is a utilitary and recreational scouting movement for men and women of all ages that was founded in the United Kingdom in 1907 by British nobleman Robert Stephenson Smyth Baden-Powell.

The Scout Association was founded in 1907 by Robert Stephenson Smyth Baden-Powell, 1st Baron Gilwell. The organization was inspired by Baden-Powell's experience defending the small South African township of Mafeking during the Boer War when high levels of initiative were shown by boys under pressure. This helped him to realize that young people had huge potential that was often left untapped. In 1907 Baden-Powell held his first camp with 20 boys on Brownsea Island in Poole, Dorset. Scouting for Boys was published in 1908 and became the handbook of the new movement. In its first census in 1910, Scouting had almost 108,000 participants. Wolf Cubs came along for younger Scouts in 1916, followed four years later by Rover Scouts for an older age range. 1920 was also the year of the first World Scout Jamboree where Scouts from across the world and gathered in London to celebrate. Following heroic work during the Second World War when Scouts acted as coast guards, couriers and stretcher bearers, members continued to show they were truly able to live their motto ‘Be prepared’ and the movement continued to grow even with th edeath of Founder and Chief Scout Baden-Powell in 1941. Rover Scouts and Senior Scouts became Venture Scouts and the badge system was updated to reflect the wider range of activities and a wider range of scouts. Girls were invited to join the Venture Scout section and this was introduced to other sections in the early 1990s. Younger children got to experience Scouting for the first time with the official incorporation of the Beaver Scouts in 1986. The Association again underwent reform with the launch of a new logo, uniform and training program and the introduction of Explorer Scouts and the Scout Network by 2002. Shortly after, in 2007, the Movement celebrated its centenary and the 21st World Scout Jamboree was held in the UK. Scouting hit the headlines in 2009 when TV adventurer Bear Grylls was announced as the new Chief Scout.

Citation:
scouts.org.uk via www, Apr. 7, 2016, (Founded 1908 by Robert Stephenson Smyth Baden-Powell, 1st Baron Gilwell; the organization was inspired by Baden-Powell's experience defending the small South African township of Mafeking during the Boer War when high levels of initiative were shown by boys under pressure helping him to realize that young people had huge potential that was often left untapped; 1907 camp on Brownsea Island in Poole, Dorset, with 20 boys; Scouting for Boys was published in 1908 and became the handbook of the new movement; In its first census in 1910, Scouting had almost 108,000 participants; over 100,000 were young people; Wolf Cubs came along for younger Scouts in 1916, followed four years later by Rover Scouts for an older age range; 1920 was also the year of the first World Scout Jamboree. At London’s Olympia, Scouts from across the world gathered to celebrate ifollowing heroic work during the Second World War when Scouts acted as coast guards, couriers and stretcher bearers, members continued to show they were truly able to live their motto ‘Be prepared’ and the movement continued to grow; Rover Scouts and Senior Scouts became Venture Scouts; the badge system was updated to reflect the wider range of activities a Scout could do; Girls were invited to join the Venture Scout section and this was introduced to other sections in the early 1990s; younger children got to experience Scouting for the first time with the official incorporation of the Beaver Scouts in 1986; the Association again underwent reform with the launch of a new logo, uniform and training programme and the introduction of Explorer Scouts and the Scout Network by 2002; 2007, the Movement celebrated its centenary and the 21st World Scout Jamboree was held in the UK; Scouting hit the headlines in 2009 when TV adventurer Bear Grylls was announced as the new Chief Scout).

Found in 1 Collection or Record:

Robert Stephenson Smyth Baden-Powell, 1st Baron Gilwell collection

 Collection — Box: 1
Identifier: MSS 8680
Scope and Contents Collection contains materials relating to the lives of Robert Stephenson Smyth Baden-Powell, 1st Baron Gilwell, and his wife Olave, as well as on The Scout Association in 1910. Materials are scans or digital reproductions of photographs, business and personal correspondence even with European royalty and nobility, books and published articles, reports or manuals, notes, and other ephemera and information relating to the Baden-Powell family, the development of the scouting movement, and...
Dates: approximately 1797-2015