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Illinois. Militia. Nauvoo Legion



  • Existence: 1840 - 1845

Administrative History

The Nauvoo Legion (1840-1845) was the local militia organization in Nauvoo, Illinois established in accordance with the city's charter.

Bennett, Richard Edmond. The Nauvoo Legion in Illinois, 2010 CIP introd. (the Nauvoo Legion functioned at the behest of the governor of the state of Illinois; a regularly constituted arm of the Illinois State Militia from its chartering in 1841 until its repeal in 1845; after 1845, Nauvoo Legion acted under the direction of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints leadership until 1849; in 1849 became a militia in the State of Deseret; in 1852 became a militia in the Utah Territory)

Wikipedia, May 21, 2009 (The Nauvoo Legion was originally part of the state militia of Illinois whose formation was authorized under the charter granted to the city of Nauvoo, Illinois by the state government. It was comprised primarily of members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints who settled Nauvoo in the 1840s, and was commanded by Joseph Smith, Jr. and later by Brigham Young. The Legion was active until it was officially disbanded in 1845, and was later reactivated by former officers and Church leaders in order to aid in the exodus west)

LC database, May 21, 2009 (old cat hdg.: Nauvoo Legion)

Found in 13 Collections and/or Records:

Research materials relating to John Cook Bennett

 File — Multiple Containers
Identifier: MSS 1301
Scope and Contents

Includes correspondence with Dr. Frederick C. Waite and Dale L. Morgan, printed material, and numerous notes and references relative to the life and activities of John C. Bennett.

Dates: 1804-1867

Zenos H. Gurley letter to Joseph Smith, Jr.

 Collection — Folder 1: [Barcode: 31197233294674]
Identifier: Vault MSS 782
Scope and Contents

Handwritten and signed letter dated 4 May 1842 and addressed to Joseph Smith (1805-1844), the first president of the Mormon Church. Gurley writes that he was unable to attend a meeting with the Nauvoo Legion militia organization and describes the founding of a branch of the Mormon Church in Wisconsin.

Dates: 1842 May 4

Nelson Higgins certificates

 File — Folder 1: [Barcode: 31197230318294]
Identifier: MSS SC 1974
Scope and Contents Photocopies of handwritten and printed certificates, applications, correspondence, patriarchal blessings, and miscellaneous items. Most of the materials relate to Nelson's militia activities in Nauvoo, Illinois and in Utah. They include certificates relating to his various military appointments and applications for pensions relating to his military service. A few items relate to the "Walker War" (1853-1854) with the Ute Indians. A few of the materials were signed by the Mormon Church leaders...
Dates: 1836-1909

History of the life of Stephen Markham

 File — Folder 1: [Barcode: 31197230310663]
Identifier: MSS SC 1297
Scope and Contents

Photocopy of a typed history of Stephen Markham by Julina Markham Crow. The item gives an account of Stephen Markham's personal life as well as his involvement in the early history of Mormonism. This includes his close association with the Mormon Prophets, Joseph Smith (1805-1844) and Brigham Young (1801-1877), his participation with the initial Mormon pioneer company of 1847, and his involvement in the settlement of Utah.

Dates: 1950

Wilson Law letter

 File — Folder 1: [Barcode: 31197230320217]
Identifier: MSS SC 2201
Scope and Contents

Photocopy of a handwritten letter dated Sept. 30, 1840 and a typescript of the item. Law writes to Thomas Carlin, "Commanding Officer," requesting that various arms be sent to his company.

Dates: 1840

Nauvoo Legion printed receipt

 File — Multiple Containers
Identifier: Vault MSS 800
Scope and Contents

Original and photocopy of Nauvoo Legion, printed receipt, dated 24 July 1843, No. 81, for $1.00. Signed by Wilson Law, Joseph Smith, and John S. Fulmer, paymaster. Printed with holograph signatures.

Dates: 1843 July 24

Nauvoo Legion redeemable script

 File — Folder 1: [Barcode: 31197233292660]
Identifier: Vault MSS 716
Scope and Contents

Printed and signed redeemable script of the Nauvoo Legion for the sum of one dollar. The note is dated July 25, 1843 and is signed by Joseph Smith (1805-1844), the Mormon prophet and Lieutenant General of the Legion.

Dates: 1843 July 25

Newel Kimball Whitney collection on military units, 1840-1858

Identifier: Vault MSS 76 Series 1 Sub-Series 4
Scope and Contents

Contains poll books, certificates, petitions, reports, orders, and other materials related to Mormon militia units, including both the Nauvoo Legion and the Mormon Battalion. Materials date from between 1840 and 1858.

Dates: 1840-1858

Joseph Smith, Jr. letter

 File — Folder 1: [Barcode: 31197232487535]
Identifier: MSS 288
Scope and Contents

Photocopy and photostat copy of a handwritten letter. Smith writes in his capacity as the leader of the "Nauvoo Legion" of the Illinois state militia. He informs Wilson Law to keep the militia in readiness "as may be necessary to compel obedience to the ordinances of said city (i.e. Nauvoo) and secure the peace of the citizens." The item was notarized by W. W. Phelps.

Dates: 1843

Joseph Smith letter

 File — Folder 1: [Barcode: 31197230315266]
Identifier: MSS SC 1799
Scope and Contents

Photocopy of a handwritten letter from Joseph Smith (April 29, 1844) to Charles C. Rich concerning the court martial of Wilson Law.

Dates: 1844 April 29

Additional filters:

Collection 12
Archival Object 1
Military 9
Politics, Government, and Law 9
Letters 7
Latter Day Saints -- Illinois -- Nauvoo -- History 5
Nauvoo (Ill.) -- History 4
∨ more
Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints 2
Immigration and American Expansion 2
Nauvoo (Ill.) 2
Nauvoo (Ill.) -- History -- 19th century 2
Pioneers 2
Applications for positions 1
Autobiographies 1
Biographies 1
Biography -- 19th century 1
Castleton (Vt.) 1
Certificates 1
Correspondence 1
Council Bluffs (Iowa) -- History 1
Dental instruments and apparatus 1
Education -- Massachusetts -- Boston 1
Education -- Ohio University -- Curricula -- 1841 1
Education -- West Virginia -- Wheeling 1
Ex-church members -- Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints -- Correspondence 1
Freemasonry -- Religious aspects -- Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints 1
Latter Day Saint churches 1
Latter Day Saint churches -- Missouri -- History 1
Latter Day Saint churches -- Ohio -- History 1
Latter Day Saint churches -- Presidents 1
Latter Day Saint churches -- Utah -- History 1
Latter Day Saint pioneers 1
Latter Day Saints 1
Latter Day Saints -- Correspondence 1
Latter Day Saints -- Iowa -- Mount Pisgah -- History 1
Latter Day Saints -- Utah -- History 1
Latter Day Saints -- Wisconsin -- History -- Sources 1
Material Types 1
Military records 1
Missions and Missionaries 1
Mormon Pioneer National Historic Trail -- History 1
Mormon money 1
Patriarchal blessings (Latter Day Saint churches) -- History 1
Photocopies 1
Pisgah (Iowa) -- History -- Sources 1
Polk City (Iowa) 1
Promissory notes 1
Receipts (Acknowledgments) 1
Religion 1
San Bernardino (Calif.) -- History 1
Ute Indians -- Wars -- History 1
Wisconsin -- History -- To 1848 1
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