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James Buchanan proclamation

 Item — Folder: 1
Identifier: MSS 77

Scope and Contents

Contains a typewritten copy of a presidential proclamation dated April 6, 1858. Buchanan states that the people of Utah have refused to submit to federal authority, justifies his sending of a military force to see that the laws are enforced, states that his actions are not against the Utahns' religion, expresses a desire that all bloodshed could be avoided, and offers a full pardon "to all who will submit themselves to the authority of the federal government." Also included is a letter verifying the origin of the proclamation.

Dates

  • 1858

Creator

Conditions Governing Access

Open for public research.

Conditions Governing Use

It is the responsibility of the researcher to obtain any necessary copyright clearances. Permission to publish material from the James Buchanan proclamation, 1858, must be obtained from the Supervisor of Reference Services and/or the L. Tom Perry Special Collections Board of Curators.

Biographical History

James Buchanan, Jr. (April 23, 1791 – June 1, 1868) was the fifteenth President of the United States (1857–1861). The Utah War, also known as the Utah Expedition or Buchanan's Blunder, was an armed dispute between Latter-day Saint ("Mormon") settlers in Utah Territory and the United States federal government. The confrontation lasted from May 1857 until July 1858. The Buchanan administration sought to quell what it perceived to be a rebellion in Utah Territory while the Mormons, fearful that the large federal army dispatched to the region had been sent to annihilate them, blocked the army's entrance into the Salt Lake Valley. While not fully bloodless, the war consisted of no pitched battles and was ultimately resolved through negotiation. Buchanan is the only president never to marry. As president, he fought Stephen A. Douglas for control of the Democratic Party. As Southern states declared their secession in the lead-up to the American Civil War, President Buchanan denied the legal right of states to secede but held that the Federal Government legally could not prevent them. He hoped for compromise, but secessionist leaders did not want compromise. Buchanan reverted to a policy of inactivity that continued until he left office.

Extent

1 folder (0.01 linear ft.)

Language

English

Overview

The folder contains a typewritten copy of a presidential proclamation dated 6 April 1858. Buchanan states that the people of Utah have refused to submit to federal authority, justifies his sending of a military force to see that the laws are enforced, states that his actions are not against the Utahns' religion, expresses a desire that all bloodshed could be avoided, and offers a full pardon "to all who will submit themselves to the authority of the federal government." Also included is a letter verifying the origin of the proclamation.

Appraisal

19th Century Western and Mormon Manuscripts.

Separated Materials

The original was given to the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints Historian.
Title
Register of the James Buchanan proclamation
Status
Completed
Author
Rose Frank
Date
23 March 2011
Description rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of description
English
Script of description
Latin
Language of description note
Finding aid written in English in Latin script.

Repository Details

Part of the L. Tom Perry Special Collections Repository

Contact:
1130 HBLL
Brigham Young University
Provo Utah 84602 United States