National Council of American Indians records
Scope and Contents
Contains correspondence, personal history, and business papers of both Zitkala-S̈a and her husband, Raymond Bonnin, with the bulk focusing on Gertrude's activities. Zitkala-S̈a was a central figure in early twentieth century Indian reform, and this collection reflects her intensive involvement. She was instrumental in legislation favorable to Indians and spent a great deal of her time among the Native Americans in an attempt to educate and organize them for greater strength through unity. Although the chronological range of the collection is wide, the majority of materials date from the period of the National Council of American Indians (of which Zitkala-S̈a was president and Raymond was secretary), which existed from 1926 until Zitkala-S̈a's death in 1938. Included in the collection are drafts of her speeches in defense of Native Americans. Many prominent political advocates for Native American rights, voices from individuals on the reservations, and civilians active in the relief efforts are featured in the material, making this collection a unique collaboration of many forces.
- National Council of American Indians (creator, Organization)
- Zitkala-S̈a, 1876-1938 (contributor, Person)
- Bonnin, Raymond (contributor, Person)
- United States. Bureau of Indian Affairs (contributor, Organization)
- Indian Rights Association (contributor, Organization)
- Montezuma, Carlos, 1866-1923 (contributor, Person)
- American Indian Defense Association (contributor, Organization)
- Collier, John, 1884-1968 (contributor, Person)
- Atwood, Stella M. (contributor, Person)
- Wilkinson, Ernest L., 1899-1978 (contributor, Person)
- United States. Indian Claims Commission (contributor, Organization)
- General Federation of Women's Clubs (contributor, Organization)
Conditions Governing Access
Open for public research.
Conditions Governing Use
Photocopies of Carlos Montezuma letters (Box 2 Folder 2) are for research purposes only. No photocopying is permitted.
It is the responsibility of the researcher to obtain any necessary copyright clearances. Permission to publish material from Correspondence, personal history, addresses, and business papers of the Bonnins and the National Council of American Indians must be obtained from the Supervisor of Reference Services and/or the L. Tom Perry Special Collections Board of Curators.
The National Council of American Indians (est. 1926) was an advocacy organization for Native Americans. The group was established by Zitkala-S̈a, and was involved in investigations of tribal property rights.
Zitkala-S̈a (1876-1938) was a Sioux writer, teacher, and activist in Utah.
15 boxes (7.5 linear ft.)
Language of Materials
Other Finding Aids
Finding aid available in repository.
Other Finding Aids
Item-level inventory available online. http://files.lib.byu.edu/ead/XML/MSS1704.xml
This collection was found among the Ernest L. Wilkinson legal papers, which have come to the BYU library in various installments since 1978. Following Gertrude and Raymond's deaths, their papers were transferred to the Wilkinson law firm, which had handled a large number of legal claims involving the Bonnins and then assisted with the probate of the Bonnin estate. These papers are what remains after a member of the Wilkinson staff destroyed many papers related to individual cases and personal correspondence with Indians throughout the country. These materials were transfered from Ernest L. Wilkinson's legal papers in the Lee Library.
Ethnic and minority history (20th century Western & Mormon Manuscripts collection development policy, 5.IV, 2007).
- Andarko (Okla.)
- Civil Rights
- Clinton (Okla.)
- Concho (Okla.)
- Drafts (Documents)
- Indians of North America -- Government relations
- Indians of North America -- History
- Lake Traverse Indian Reservation (N.D. and S.D.)
- Lawton (Okla.)
- National Council of American Indians
- Pine Ridge Indian Reservation (S.D.)
- Politics, Government, and Law
- Sedan (Okla.)
- Standing Rock Indian Reservation (N.D. and S.D.)
- Uintah and Ouray Indian Reservation (Utah)
- Ute Indians
- Washington (D.C.)
- Yankton Indians
- Register of National Council of American Indians records
- Megan Furcini
- 2011 May 4
- Description rules
- Describing Archives: A Content Standard
- Language of description
- Script of description
- Language of description note
- Finding aid written in English in Latin script.
- Box: 1 (Mixed Materials)
- Box: 2 (Mixed Materials)
- Box: 3 (Mixed Materials)
- Box: 4 (Mixed Materials)
- Box: 5 (Mixed Materials)
- Box: 6 (Mixed Materials)
- Box: 7 (Mixed Materials)
- Box: 8 (Mixed Materials)
- Box: 9 (Mixed Materials)
- Box: 10 (Mixed Materials)
- Box: 11 (Mixed Materials)
- Box: 12 (Mixed Materials)
- Box: 13 (Mixed Materials)
- Box: 14 (Mixed Materials)
- Box: 15 (Mixed Materials)
- oversize-folder: 16 (Mixed Materials)