Robert Stephenson Smyth Baden-Powell, 1st Baron Gilwell collection
- approximately 1797-2015
Language of Materials
Conditions Governing Access
Conditions Governing Use
750 online resource
1 box (0.5 linear ft.)
Lord Robert Baden-Powell was born on February 22, 1857 in Paddington, England. He joined the British Army in 1876 and served in India, Afghanistan, and South Africa. His valour in fighting against the Boers in South Africa made him a national hero. He was later promoted to Lieutenant General and made Inspector General of Cavalry, and was awarded the title of Lord of Gilwell.
Recognizing the value of boys he founded the Boy Scouts Movement in 1907. The movement quickly spread from England throughout the world.
On October 30, 1912 he married Olave Soames.
Upon retirement he moved to Kenya in 1938. He resided there until his death on January 8, 1941.
Olave St Clair Soames was born on February 22, 1889, to Harold and Katherine Mary Hill Soames in Chesterfield, Derbyshire, England. She married Robert Stephenson Smyth Baden-Powell on October 30, 1912, St. Peter's Church, Parkstone, Dorset, England. She founded the worldwide Guiding movement, and in 1918 became Chief Guide for Britain; in 1930 she became World Chief Guide. She is thought to have visited 111 countries and taken 648 flights in her life-time. She led the Guides for forty years and was honoured by many countries for her tireless service. Olave died on June 25, 1977, in Bramley, Surrey, England, and was buried in Nyeri, Kenya, with her husband.
The Scout Association was founded in 1907 by Robert Stephenson Smyth Baden-Powell, 1st Baron Gilwell. The organization was inspired by Baden-Powell's experience defending the small South African township of Mafeking during the Boer War when high levels of initiative were shown by boys under pressure. This helped him to realize that young people had huge potential that was often left untapped. In 1907 Baden-Powell held his first camp with 20 boys on Brownsea Island in Poole, Dorset. Scouting for Boys was published in 1908 and became the handbook of the new movement. In its first census in 1910, Scouting had almost 108,000 participants. Wolf Cubs came along for younger Scouts in 1916, followed four years later by Rover Scouts for an older age range. 1920 was also the year of the first World Scout Jamboree where Scouts from across the world and gathered in London to celebrate. Following heroic work during the Second World War when Scouts acted as coast guards, couriers and stretcher bearers, members continued to show they were truly able to live their motto ‘Be prepared’ and the movement continued to grow even with th edeath of Founder and Chief Scout Baden-Powell in 1941. Rover Scouts and Senior Scouts became Venture Scouts and the badge system was updated to reflect the wider range of activities and a wider range of scouts. Girls were invited to join the Venture Scout section and this was introduced to other sections in the early 1990s. Younger children got to experience Scouting for the first time with the official incorporation of the Beaver Scouts in 1986. The Association again underwent reform with the launch of a new logo, uniform and training program and the introduction of Explorer Scouts and the Scout Network by 2002. Shortly after, in 2007, the Movement celebrated its centenary and the 21st World Scout Jamboree was held in the UK. Scouting hit the headlines in 2009 when TV adventurer Bear Grylls was announced as the new Chief Scout.
Immediate Source of Acquisition
Existence and Location of Originals
- Baden-Powell of Gilwell, Robert Stephenson Smyth Baden-Powell, Baron, 1857-1941 (Creator, Person)
- Baden-Powell, Olave, 1889-1977 (Contributor, Person)
- Register of Robert Stephenson Smyth Baden-Powell, 1st Baron Gilwell collection
- Seth Cannon and McKinley Griffin
- 2015 February 11
- Description rules
- Language of description