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Mary Welsh and Ernest Hemingway manuscript

 File — Folder: 1
Identifier: MSS 8188

Scope and Contents

Manuscript written by Mary Hemingway with handwritten editoral changes by her husband, Ernest Hemingway. Dated approximately 1950-1960.


  • approximately 1950-1960


Conditions Governing Access

Open for public research.

Conditions Governing Use

It is the responsibility of the researcher to obtain any necessary copyright clearances. Permission to publish material from Mary Welsh and Ernest Hemingway manuscript must be obtained from the Supervisor of Reference Services and/or the L. Tom Perry Special Collections Board of Curators.

Biographical History

Mary Welsh Hemingway (1908-1986) was a journalist and wife of Ernest Hemingway.

Mary Welsh Hemingway was born in 1908 in Minnesota. She was a journalist and the fourth wife of Ernest Hemingway. She met Ernest Hemingway in 1944 when she was working for the London Daily Express. Previously she worked for The Chicago Daily News and also worked for TIME magazine. She and Ernest Hemingway were married in 1946 in Cuba. They lived in Cuba and Ketchum, Idaho. After Hemingway's 1961 suicide, she served as his literary executor and was responsible for the publication of his posthumous works like A Moveable Feast. She moved to New York City following Hemingway's death. In 1976 her autobiography How it Was was published. She died in New York in 1986 and was buried by Hemingway in Ketchum, Idaho.

Biographical History

Ernest Hemingway (1899-1961) was an American author and Nobel Prize winner.

Ernest Miller Hemingway was born July 21, 1899 in Cicero (now Oak Park), Illinois, the son of Clarence Edmond Hemingway and Grace Hall Hemingway. He went to work on the Kansas City Star following high school graduation. In 1918 he went to Italy to drive an ambulance for the Italian army. His experiences in Italy eventually became Farewell to Arms. He returned home and went to work for the Toronto Star. He met Hadley Richardson in Chicago and they married in 1921. The couple moved to Paris where their son, John, was born in 1923.

Hemingway became a member of what Gertrude Stein termed "The Lost Generation". During this time he wrote The Sun Also Rises. He had an affair with Pauline Pfeiffer and divorced Hadley to marry Pauline in 1927. They had two sons, Patrick and Gregory.

During the 1930s, Hemingway was involved with big game hunting in Africa, bullfighting in Spain and deep sea fishing in Key West. He served as a war correspondent during the Spanish Civil War where he met Martha Gellhorn, who became his third wife in 1940. His literary work For Whom the Bell Tolls contains material gleaned from this time period.

Hemingway became a World War II correspondent and met Mary Welsh, who he married in 1940. In 1951 he wrote "Old Mad and the Sea, which won a Pulitzer Prize. He won the Nobel Prize for literature in 1954. Hemingway committed suicide on July 2, 1961 in Ketchum, Idaho and is buried there.


1 folder (0.01 linear ft.)

Language of Materials


Custodial History

Brent Ashcroft previously owned manuscript.

Immediate Source of Acquisition

Donated; Brent Ashcroft.


Conforms with literature manuscript collecting policy.


Typescript, with holograph notations.


Manuscript is 8 1/2 inches by 10 inches on thick paper.

Processing Information

Processed; Kristi Young; April 2013.

Register of Mary Welsh and Ernest Hemingway manuscript
Kristi Young
2013 April 22
Description rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of description
Script of description
Language of description note
Finding aid written in English in Latin script.

Repository Details

Part of the L. Tom Perry Special Collections Repository

1130 HBLL
Brigham Young University
Provo Utah 84602 United States