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Zhou, Enlai, 1898-1976

 Person

Dates

  • Existence: 1898-1976

Zhou Enlai (1898-1976) was a leader in the Chinese Communist Party and foreign minister of the People's Republic of China.

Zhou Enlai was born on March 5, 1898 in the Huai'an Jiangsu province. He studied in Japan before returning to China for the May 4th movements. He protested though publications with fellow students until his arrest in 1920. Soon after this,he left to study and work in France, where he converted to communism. He worked with the Zhongguo gong chan dang from France and continued involvement when he returned to China in 1924 during the revolution. He met a fellow activist, Deng Yingchao, in the revolutionary movement, and the two were married. Zhou was appointed as the deputy director of the Whampoa Military Academy. In 1927, he became the directory of the military department of the Zhongguo gong chan dang. He helped organize the Nanchang Uprising in August of 1927. The city was recaptured by the Zhongguo guo min dang, and Zhou fled to Shanghai. He became a leader of the Zhongguo gong chan dang, and moved to Jiangxi as the political commissar of the China Zhongguo ren min jie fang jun. He participated in the Long March to Yan'an and helped organize the United Front against Japanese invasion. Zhou also participated in the civil war following the Sino-Japanese war, and the establishment of a communist China. He served as foreign minister and chief administrator of China's civil bureaucracy. He died on January 8, 1976 in Beijing.

Citation

Britannica, via WWW, October 3, 2018 (b. Mar. 5, 1898, Huai’an, Jiangsu province; d. Jan. 8, 1976, Beijing; CCP; foreign minister 1949-58; negotiator; gentry; Japan studies; Beijing, May 4th, publications, arrest; communism, France, CCP organizer, Europe; 1924,China, national revolution; m. Deng Yingchao, activist; deputy director Whampoa Military Academy; 1927, director of military department CCP; Nanchang Uprising, august 1927, Nationalists recapture; Jiangxi, rural bases; Red Army political commissar; the Long March, Mao military; negotiator; United Front, Chiang Kai-shek; Japanese surrender, peace talks; civil war 1947; diplomat)

Found in 40 Collections and/or Records:

Biographical material about and by Helen Foster Snow, 1935-1987

 Sub-Series — Multiple Containers
Identifier: MSS 2219 Series 8 Sub-Series 1
Scope and Contents Contains papers and articles written by and about Helen Foster Snow, including autobiographical pieces by Snow; articles about her pseudonym by June Rice, and other papers by Kelly Ann Long and Lora Sabin. Also included are articles about Helen's 80th birthday celebration and exhibition, the Helen Foster Snow Institute at Utah State University, and correspondence.

Edgar Snow papers, 1928-1994

 Sub-Series — Multiple Containers
Identifier: MSS 2219 Series 8 Sub-Series 2
Scope and Contents Contains information written by or about Edgar Parks Snow. Includes correspondence, poetry, manuscripts, articles about Red Star Over China and other literature, notes, articles on Edgar written or typed by Helen and others, symposium speeches about Edgar, financial papers, obituaries, and pamphlets.

Helen Foster Snow artifacts, approximately 1850

 Series
Identifier: MSS 2219 Series 7
Scope and Contents Contains artifacts from Helen Foster Snow's family and career, including an ancestral coverlet, items from Chinese cooperatives, clothing worn or obtained while in China, certificates, and medals. Also contains a list of artifacts and accompanying descriptions provided by Helen Foster Snow. Dated approximnately 1850, and approximately 1925 to 1991.

Helen Foster Snow books, 1938-2000

 Sub-Series — Multiple Containers
Identifier: MSS 2219 Series 8
Scope and Contents Contains items in Chinese written by Helen Foster Snow (as herself and under her pseudonym, Nym Wales) such as the Chinese editions of Song of Ariran, Inside Red China, and Return to China- and by Wu Jiliang. Also items in English, by various authors (one by Nym Wales: "China Builds For Democracy"), on Chinese history, tourism, government, and other subjects related to the country. Includes biographies of Americans with connections to China. Dated from 1938-2000.

Helen Foster Snow collection addendum, 1925-2000

 Series — Multiple Containers
Identifier: MSS 2219 Series 8
Scope and Contents Contains materials added later to the Helen Foster Snow collection, including documents, books, and pamphlets. Materials span much of her life, and represent many of her experiences both in the United States and in China. Materials date from 1925 to 2000.

Helen Foster Snow documents written in Chinese, 1927-1997

 Sub-Series — Box: 35
Identifier: MSS 2219 Series 2 Sub-Series 4
Scope and Contents Contains essays by Helen Foster Snow, a Chinese translation of one of her novels, articles and reports on Helen Foster Snow, papers on Edgar Snow, letters to Helen, articles about Helen's friends and Indusco, copies of articles Helen collected, essays by Edgar, a film on Helen, and letters about Helen and her book. Materials range from 1927 to 1997.This sub-series contains manuscripts in Chinese that deal with a number of various subjects. Only the titles have been translated to aid...

Helen Foster Snow essays, 1919-1993

 Sub-Series
Identifier: MSS 2219 Series 3 Sub-Series 17
Scope and Contents Essays written by Helen Foster Snow, ranging from 1919 to 1993. Includes untitled works and pages from unidentified works at the end.

Helen Foster Snow family papers, 1833-1999

 Series
Identifier: MSS 2219 Series 1
Scope and Contents Contains research and writings compiled by Helen Foster Snow early in her life regarding her family history and genealogical records of New England.

Helen Foster Snow files on China Builds for Democracy, undated

 Sub-Series
Identifier: MSS 2219 Series 3 Sub-Series 3
Scope and Contents note Contains book covers, carbon copy drafts with an alternate title, Indian copy with introduction by Jawaharlal Nehru, complete and partial manuscript drafts in sections, bound copy of the 1941 edition, reviews, notes and research, and letters and essays about the book.

Helen Foster Snow files on Fables and Parables, undated

 Sub-Series
Identifier: MSS 2219 Series 3 Sub-Series 5
Scope and Contents note A collection of Helen's short stories published in 1952. Contains annotated and plain carbon copy drafts of the book, reveiws, loose fables, and a partial draft.