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Zhu, De, 1886-1976



  • Existence: 1886 - 1976


Zhu De (1886-1976) was a Commander and Chief of the People's Liberation Army.

Zhu De was born on September 17, 2018 in Yilong, Sichun in China. He attended Yunan Military Academy and graduated in 1911. In 1922, Zhe De travelled to Berlin, Germany to attend the University of Gottingen. It was at this point in his life that he joined the Zhongguo gong chan dang. He returned to China and joined the Kuomintang Army to conceal his political affiliation. Zhu participated in an uprising in 1927 against the Nationalists. After this revolt, he relocated to Hunan, where he joined Mao Zedong. Zhu served as commander in chief of the Zhongguo gong nong hong jun during the Long March. He retained control of the military operations of the Communists during Japanese invasion, and continued through the civil war. Zhu served on the Committee of the National People’s Congress as chairman from 1959. Zhu died on July 6, 1973.

Encylclopedia Britannica, via WWW, September 17, 2018 (b. Dec. 1, 1886; b. Yilong, Sichun, China; d. July 6, 1976, Beijing; 1911 Yunnan Military Academy; 1922, Berlin, Univ Gottingen; Chinese Communist Party; Soviet Union; Kuomintang Army; August 1927 Nanchang Uprising; Mao Zedong, Hunan; 4th Red Army; long march; Eighth Route Army; People's Liberation Army; chairman, Standing Committee of the National People's Congress)

Found in 37 Collections and/or Records:

Biographical material about and by Helen Foster Snow, 1935-1987

 Sub-Series — Multiple Containers
Identifier: MSS 2219 Series 8 Sub-Series 1
Scope and Contents

Contains papers and articles written by and about Helen Foster Snow, including autobiographical pieces by Snow; articles about her pseudonym by June Rice, and other papers by Kelly Ann Long and Lora Sabin. Also included are articles about Helen's 80th birthday celebration and exhibition, the Helen Foster Snow Institute at Utah State University, and correspondence.

Dates: 1935-1987

Edgar Snow papers, 1928-1994

 Sub-Series — Multiple Containers
Identifier: MSS 2219 Series 8 Sub-Series 2
Scope and Contents

Contains information written by or about Edgar Parks Snow. Includes correspondence, poetry, manuscripts, articles about Red Star Over China and other literature, notes, articles on Edgar written or typed by Helen and others, symposium speeches about Edgar, financial papers, obituaries, and pamphlets.

Dates: 1928-1994

Helen Foster Snow books, 1938-2000

 Sub-Series — Multiple Containers
Identifier: MSS 2219 Series 8
Scope and Contents

Contains items in Chinese written by Helen Foster Snow (as herself and under her pseudonym, Nym Wales) such as the Chinese editions of Song of Ariran, Inside Red China, and Return to China- and by Wu Jiliang. Also items in English, by various authors (one by Nym Wales: "China Builds For Democracy"), on Chinese history, tourism, government, and other subjects related to the country. Includes biographies of Americans with connections to China. Dated from 1938-2000.

Dates: 1938-2000

Helen Foster Snow collection addendum, 1925-2000

 Series — Multiple Containers
Identifier: MSS 2219 Series 9
Scope and Contents

Contains materials added later to the Helen Foster Snow collection, including documents, books, and pamphlets. Materials span much of her life, and represent many of her experiences both in the United States and in China. Dated from 1925 to 2000.

Dates: 1925-2000

Helen Foster Snow documents written in Chinese, 1927-1997

 Sub-Series — Box 35: Series 2 [Barcode: 31197227637748]
Identifier: MSS 2219 Series 2 Sub-Series 4
Scope and Contents Contains essays by Helen Foster Snow, a Chinese translation of one of her novels, articles and reports on Helen Foster Snow, papers on Edgar Snow, letters to Helen, articles about Helen's friends and Indusco, copies of articles Helen collected, essays by Edgar, a film on Helen, and letters about Helen and her book. Materials range from 1927 to 1997.This sub-series contains manuscripts in Chinese that deal with a number of various subjects. Only the titles have been translated to...
Dates: 1927-1997

Helen Foster Snow essays, 1919-1993

Identifier: MSS 2219 Series 3 Sub-Series 17
Scope and Contents

Essays written by Helen Foster Snow, ranging from 1919 to 1993. Includes untitled works and pages from unidentified works at the end.

Dates: Other: 1919-1993

Helen Foster Snow family papers, 1833-1999

Identifier: MSS 2219 Series 1
Scope and Contents

Contains research and writings compiled by Helen Foster Snow early in her life regarding her family history and genealogical records of New England.

Dates: 1833-1999

Helen Foster Snow files on China Builds for Democracy, approximately 1941

Identifier: MSS 2219 Series 3 Sub-Series 3
Scope and Contents note

Contains book covers, carbon copy drafts with an alternate title, Indian copy with introduction by Jawaharlal Nehru, complete and partial manuscript drafts in sections, bound copy of the 1941 edition, reviews, notes and research, and letters and essays about the book.

Dates: Other: approximately 1941

Helen Foster Snow files on Fables and Parables, approximately 1952

Identifier: MSS 2219 Series 3 Sub-Series 5
Scope and Contents note

A collection of Helen's short stories published in 1952. Contains annotated and plain carbon copy drafts of the book, reveiws, loose fables, and a partial draft.

Dates: Other: approximately 1952

Helen Foster Snow files on Living China, approximately 1931-1940

Identifier: MSS 2219 Series 3 Sub-Series 9
Scope and Contents note

"Living China" is a collection of short stories related to left-wing Chinese ideology that was translated by Edgar and Helen Foster Snow during their years in China from 1931-1940. Contains an annotated draft, partial drafts, partial photocopy of the published book, article on "The Modern Chinese Literary Movement," excerpts, and reviews.

Dates: Other: approximately 1931-1940

Additional filters:

Archival Object 36
Collection 1
China -- Politics and government -- 1912-1949 30
China -- Politics and government -- 1928-1937 30
Photojournalism -- China 30
Photojournalists -- China 30
India 23