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Smith, Joseph, Jr., 1805-1844

 Person

Dates

  • Existence: 1805-1844

Biographical History

Joseph Smith, Jr. (1805-1844) was a Mormon prophet and founder of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.

Joseph Smith, Jr. was born on December 23, 1805, to parents Joseph Sr. and Lucy Mack Smith. He was the fifth of eleven children. He worked on the family farm in Vermont and later in western New York. A series of remarkable spiritual experiences prepared him for his prophetic calling. Beginning in 1820 at Palmyra, New York, Joseph Smith saw God the Father and Jesus Christ in vision. Through revelation, he translated and published the Book of Mormon, organized The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints on April 6, 1830, and received revelations to guide the Church. By inspiration, he called Apostles and other Church leaders, defined doctrines, and taught the principles and ordinances that would lead to exaltation. Under his leadership, Latter-day Saints founded communities in Ohio, Missouri, and Illinois. He was sustained as First Elder of the Church on April 6, 1830. On June 27, 1844, at Carthage, Illinois, Joseph Smith died a martyr to his faith.

Citation

Book of Mormon. Japanese. Morumon-kyō, 1909 (1950 printing): t.p. (Josefu Sumisu [in Japanese])

Book of Moemon. Armenian. Girkʻ Mōrmōni, 1937: t.p. (Kart. Chōzēf Smitʻh)

Britannica.com, Oct. 13, 2010 (Joseph Smith, originally Joseph Smith, Jr. (b. Dec. 23, 1805, Sharon, Vt., U.S.; d. June 27, 1844, Carthage, Ill.), Mormon prophet and founder of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints)

The Book of Mormon, 1830: title page (Joseph Smith, Junior)

Doctrine and covenants of the Church of the Latter Day Saints, 1835: title page (Joseph Smith, Junior)

Encyclopedia of Mormonism, page 1331 (Joseph Smith, Jr. (1805-1844), the Prophet Joseph Smith, founding prophet of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints; born December 23, 1805 in Sharon, Vermont; moved to Palmyra, N.Y. in 1816; founded the Church in Fayette, N.Y. April 6, 1830; migrated with the Church to Kirtland, Ohio in 1831; then to Far West, Missouri in 1838; finally to Nauvoo, Ill. (which he founded) in 1839; killed by a mob in Carthage, Ill. June 27, 1844)

Found in 265 Collections and/or Records:

Martha Cragun Cox collected reminiscences

 File — Folder: 1
Identifier: MSS 915
Scope and Contents Photocopy of a handwritten notebook. The item includes reminiscent accounts collected by Cox from elderly people who knew Joseph Smith. Much of the information comes from family stories. The date of the materials is uncertain, perhaps near the end of the nineteenth century.

Edward Cram letter

 File — Folder: 1
Identifier: MSS SC 1195
Scope and Contents Handwritten and signed letter, addressed to Cram's sister Laura and details personal matters. Mentioned briefly are the Philadelphia riots and the murder of Joseph Smith.

Vesta Pierce Crawford book drafts

 Collection — Multiple Containers
Identifier: MSS 1282
Scope and Contents Photocopies of typewritten book drafts and supplementary materials for the "Life and History of Emma Hale Smith, 1804-1879" and "A Journal History of the Relief Society Building."

J. M. Crowley sketch of Joseph Smith, Jr.

 File — Folder: 1
Identifier: MSS SC 1266
Overview Signed pencil sketch of Joseph Smith, Jr. by artist J. McCrowler.

David Hale ledger, 1827-1869

 Item — oversize: 3, Folder: 1
Identifier: MSS 7614
Scope and Contents Ledger used by David Hale to record financial transactions with friends, family, and community members. Includes entries from Harmony, Pennsylvania and Amboy, Illinois, including references to transactions with Mormonism founder Joseph Smith. Ledger content dates from 1827 to 1869.

Color photocopies and a digital scan of the ledger are also included.

David Hale ledger

 Digital Record
Identifier: MSS7614_O3_F1

David Kent Jacobs materials on Joseph Smith motion pictures, 1964-1966

 Sub-Series — Carton: 61, Folder: 12
Identifier: UA 5625 Series 1 Sub-Series 6
Scope and Contents Contains various scripts and screenplays highlighting the life of the prophet Joseph Smith. Dates range from 1964-1966.

Daviess County (Mo.) court order

 File — Folder: 1
Identifier: MSS SC 1046
Scope and Contents Photocopy of a change of venue order. "Caleb Baldwin, Lyman Wight, Joseph Smith Jr. and others" were charged with arson. The judge ordered them transferred to Boone County where he thought they could receive a fair trial.

Daviess County legal documents

 Collection — Multiple Containers
Identifier: MSS 846
Scope and Contents Photocopies of handwritten court proceedings of cases tried in Daviess County and Boone County, Missouri. The trials relate to Joseph Smith (1805-1844), the first president of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, and others being tried for treason; the trial of Parley P. Pratt (1807-1857), an apostle of the Church, for murder; testimony against Caleb Baldwin; and testimony against King Follet on charges of robbery. Dated 1839.

Declaration of the Council of the Twelve Apostles

 File — Folder: 1
Identifier: MSS SC 457
Scope and Contents Handwritten, unsigned declaration stating that Joseph Smith, Jr. gave the Council the keys and powers he held and the responsibility of leading the Latter-day Saint Church.