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Smith, Joseph, Jr., 1805-1844

 Person

Dates

  • Existence: 1805-1844

Biographical History

Joseph Smith, Jr. (1805-1844) was a Mormon prophet and founder of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.

Joseph Smith, Jr. was born on December 23, 1805, to parents Joseph Sr. and Lucy Mack Smith. He was the fifth of eleven children. He worked on the family farm in Vermont and later in western New York. A series of remarkable spiritual experiences prepared him for his prophetic calling. Beginning in 1820 at Palmyra, New York, Joseph Smith saw God the Father and Jesus Christ in vision. Through revelation, he translated and published the Book of Mormon, organized The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints on April 6, 1830, and received revelations to guide the Church. By inspiration, he called Apostles and other Church leaders, defined doctrines, and taught the principles and ordinances that would lead to exaltation. Under his leadership, Latter-day Saints founded communities in Ohio, Missouri, and Illinois. He was sustained as First Elder of the Church on April 6, 1830. On June 27, 1844, at Carthage, Illinois, Joseph Smith died a martyr to his faith.

Citation

Book of Mormon. Japanese. Morumon-kyō, 1909 (1950 printing): t.p. (Josefu Sumisu [in Japanese])

Book of Moemon. Armenian. Girkʻ Mōrmōni, 1937: t.p. (Kart. Chōzēf Smitʻh)

Britannica.com, Oct. 13, 2010 (Joseph Smith, originally Joseph Smith, Jr. (b. Dec. 23, 1805, Sharon, Vt., U.S.; d. June 27, 1844, Carthage, Ill.), Mormon prophet and founder of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints)

The Book of Mormon, 1830: title page (Joseph Smith, Junior)

Doctrine and covenants of the Church of the Latter Day Saints, 1835: title page (Joseph Smith, Junior)

Encyclopedia of Mormonism, page 1331 (Joseph Smith, Jr. (1805-1844), the Prophet Joseph Smith, founding prophet of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints; born December 23, 1805 in Sharon, Vermont; moved to Palmyra, N.Y. in 1816; founded the Church in Fayette, N.Y. April 6, 1830; migrated with the Church to Kirtland, Ohio in 1831; then to Far West, Missouri in 1838; finally to Nauvoo, Ill. (which he founded) in 1839; killed by a mob in Carthage, Ill. June 27, 1844)

Found in 10 Collections and/or Records:

John M. Bernhisel letter

 Collection — Folder: 1
Identifier: Vault MSS 8
Scope and Contents Handwritten and signed letter, dated 18 Aug. 1841, composed in New York, and addressed to Joseph Smith, first president of the Mormon Church. Bernhisel writes concerning the purchase of land in Nauvoo, Illinois.

Zenos H. Gurley letter to Joseph Smith, Jr.

 Collection — Folder: 1
Identifier: Vault MSS 782
Scope and Contents Handwritten and signed letter dated 4 May 1842 and addressed to Joseph Smith (1805-1844), the first president of the Mormon Church. Gurley writes that he was unable to attend a meeting with the Nauvoo Legion militia organization and describes the founding of a branch of the Mormon Church in Wisconsin.

Moses Martin letter to Joseph Smith

 Item — Folder: 1
Identifier: Vault MSS 316
Scope and Contents Handwritten and signed letter, composed in La Porte, Indiana, dated November 7, 1841, and addressed to Joseph Smith, first president of the Mormon Church. Martin writes to introduce himself, tells of his efforts to preach the Mormon faith, and asks for a blessing.

Rules of behavior for youth

 Collection — Folder: 1
Identifier: Vault MSS 293
Scope and Contents Handwritten account of "rules of behavior." The item was written down by William Huntington in his diary in Jan. 1845 about seven months after Smith was killed and purports to be in Smith's own words. The rules are believed to be based on George Washington's "Rule of Civility."

Joseph Smith, Jr. indenture

 Collection — Folder: 1
Identifier: Vault MSS 87
Scope and Contents Handwritten, signed, and printed indenture dated 26 April 1844. Smith makes an agreement with William Richards regarding a sale of land in Nauvoo, Illinois. The item was signed by Smith, W. W. Phelps, and William Clayton.

Joseph Smith, Jr. note

 Collection — Folder: 1
Identifier: Vault MSS 430
Scope and Contents Handwritten and signed note dated 24 April 1844. The item states, "Due the bearer Isaac Chase one hundred dollars on demand." The funds might have been a loan for Smith's campaign to be president of the United States.

Joseph Smith, Jr. receipt

 Collection — Folder: 1
Identifier: Vault MSS 78
Scope and Contents Handwritten and signed receipt dated 11 April 1844. Smith states he received $450 from Wilson Law in partial payment of a debt.

Joseph Smith letter

 Collection — Folder: 1
Identifier: Vault MSS 36
Scope and Contents Photograph of a handwritten and signed letter, dated 17 June 1844, and addressed to John P. Greene. Smith writes about his concerns on the possibilities of mob actions near Nauvoo, Illinois.

Joseph Smith letters

 File — Folder: 1
Identifier: MSS 258
Scope and Contents Photocopy of a handwritten letter with a typescript of the item. This letter is dated 27 June 1844 at 8:20 A.M. and was written from Carthage Jail. Also included is a typewritten copy of another letter dated 23 June probably also in the year 1844. Both letters were addressed to Smith's wife, Emma Hale Smith (1804-1879). Smith describes the condition of his incarceration, states that they have no valid case against him, and expresses the belief that he was in little danger.

A thrilling dream

 File — Multiple Containers
Identifier: Vault MSS 292
Scope and Contents Handwritten account of a dream written down by William Huntington in his diary on 1 Feb. 1845 over seven months after Smith was killed and purports to be in Smith's own words. The dream tells about Smith seeing a beautiful lady and a rider.