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Smith, Joseph, Jr., 1805-1844

 Person

Dates

  • Existence: 1805-1844

Biographical History

Joseph Smith, Jr. (1805-1844) was a Mormon prophet and founder of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.

Joseph Smith, Jr. was born on December 23, 1805, to parents Joseph Sr. and Lucy Mack Smith. He was the fifth of eleven children. He worked on the family farm in Vermont and later in western New York. A series of remarkable spiritual experiences prepared him for his prophetic calling. Beginning in 1820 at Palmyra, New York, Joseph Smith saw God the Father and Jesus Christ in vision. Through revelation, he translated and published the Book of Mormon, organized The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints on April 6, 1830, and received revelations to guide the Church. By inspiration, he called Apostles and other Church leaders, defined doctrines, and taught the principles and ordinances that would lead to exaltation. Under his leadership, Latter-day Saints founded communities in Ohio, Missouri, and Illinois. He was sustained as First Elder of the Church on April 6, 1830. On June 27, 1844, at Carthage, Illinois, Joseph Smith died a martyr to his faith.

Citation

Book of Mormon. Japanese. Morumon-kyō, 1909 (1950 printing): t.p. (Josefu Sumisu [in Japanese])

Book of Moemon. Armenian. Girkʻ Mōrmōni, 1937: t.p. (Kart. Chōzēf Smitʻh)

Britannica.com, Oct. 13, 2010 (Joseph Smith, originally Joseph Smith, Jr. (b. Dec. 23, 1805, Sharon, Vt., U.S.; d. June 27, 1844, Carthage, Ill.), Mormon prophet and founder of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints)

The Book of Mormon, 1830: title page (Joseph Smith, Junior)

Doctrine and covenants of the Church of the Latter Day Saints, 1835: title page (Joseph Smith, Junior)

Encyclopedia of Mormonism, page 1331 (Joseph Smith, Jr. (1805-1844), the Prophet Joseph Smith, founding prophet of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints; born December 23, 1805 in Sharon, Vermont; moved to Palmyra, N.Y. in 1816; founded the Church in Fayette, N.Y. April 6, 1830; migrated with the Church to Kirtland, Ohio in 1831; then to Far West, Missouri in 1838; finally to Nauvoo, Ill. (which he founded) in 1839; killed by a mob in Carthage, Ill. June 27, 1844)

Found in 15 Collections and/or Records:

Transcription of the Averett Family ledger book

 File — Folder: 1
Identifier: MSS 1303
Scope and Contents Narrative of the history of members of the Averett family, including conversion, activities in Far West and Nauvoo, emigration westward, and settlement and activities in Utah Territory. The transcription was entrusted to P.T. Reilly.

Jacob G. Bigler autobiography

 File — Folder: 1
Identifier: MSS SC 2757
Scope and Contents Photocopy of a typescript of an autobiography. Bigler writes about his relationship with the first president of the Mormon Church, Joseph Smith (1805-1844), his life in Nauvoo, Illinois, his migration to Utah, and his life in Nephi, Utah. Bigler served on a mission for the Mormon Church in Ireland and was active in Mormon Church activities in Nephi.

Talitha C. Avery Cheney autobiography and a biography

 File — Folder: 1
Identifier: MSS SC 3237
Scope and Contents Photocopy of microfilm copy of a typed autobiography. Cheney writes about her early life and her conversion to the Mormon Church in 1837. She moved with her family to Nauvoo, Illinois, where she heard sermons by Joseph Smith (1805-1844), the first president of the Mormon Church. She also heard Brigham Young (1801-1877), second president of the Mormon Church. Talitha married William Howard Avery in 1844. He died in 1847. She migrated to Utah in 1853 and married Elam Cheney. She lived in...

C. C. A. Christensen photographs and transparencies of paintings

 Collection — Folder: 1
Identifier: MSS P 188
Scope and Contents Collection includes three photographs and 14 transparencies of paintings done by C.C.A. Christensen between the 1870s and the 1900s. Includes images of the Mormon pioneers.

Mary Field Garner autobiography

 File — Folder: 1
Identifier: MSS 1141
Scope and Contents Typewritten excerpts from an autobiography. Garner writes about her conversion to Mormonism, her life in Nauvoo, Illinois, her memories of Joseph Smith (1805-1844) and the "mantle" of the prophet falling on Brigham Young (1801-1877), her journey to Utah, and her life in Slaterville, Utah.

History of the life of Stephen Markham

 File — Folder: 1
Identifier: MSS SC 1297
Scope and Contents Photocopy of a typed history of Stephen Markham by Julina Markham Crow. The item gives an account of Stephen Markham's personal life as well as his involvement in the early history of Mormonism. This includes his close association with the Mormon Prophets, Joseph Smith (1805-1844) and Brigham Young (1801-1877), his participation with the initial Mormon pioneer company of 1847, and his involvement in the settlement of Utah.

James Holt autobiography

 File — Folder: 1
Identifier: MSS SC 190
Scope and Contents Typescript of an autobiography. Holt writes about his childhood, conversion to the Mormon Church, mission for that faith in Tennessee, and migration to Salt Lake City, Utah. He also tells about the confusion in the Mormon Church after the death of its first president, Joseph Smith.

In the pioneer group to the Iron Co. Mission, was another great leader, Anson Call, who became a great colonizer

 File — Folder: 1
Identifier: MSS SC 3079
Scope and Contents Photocopy of a microfilm reproduction of a typed manuscript. The item is a biography of Anson Call by an unnamed author. The date of composition is uncertain. Anson Call was born in Fletcher, Franklin County, Vermont on 13 May 1810. Call married Mary Flint and later joined the Mormon Church. "He was closely associated with the Prophet Joseph [Joseph Smith, 1805-1844], and with the saints was driven from his home. He had a great love the the Prophet and did all he could to protect him from...

Wandle Mace autobiography

 File — Multiple Containers
Identifier: Vault MSS 786
Scope and Contents Contains the handwritten autobiography of Wandle Mace. Account includes information about Mace's youth in New York City; joining the Mormon Church in the 1830s; moving to Illinois; helping build the Nauvoo Temple; service in the Nauvoo Legion; and, fighting in the Battle of Nauvoo in 1846. Also includes accounts of living in Iowa for over a decade prior to making their way west to Utah; traveling to Utah in a wagon train in 1859; moving to Southern Utah and settling in Kanab; and all major...

John Murdock journal and autobiography

 File — Folder: 1
Identifier: MSS SC 997
Scope and Contents Materials include two copies of the typescript of an autobiography covering, 1792-1867, and journals, 1830-1859. Murdock was a Campbellite who joined the Mormon Church in 1830. He lived with Joseph Smith (1805-1844), the Mormon prophet, in 1833 and participated in "Zion's Camp" in 1834. He lived in Kirtland, Ohio; Nauvoo, Illinois; and Lehi, Utah and was in Missouri during the persecution of Mormons in that state.