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Smith, Joseph, Jr., 1805-1844

 Person

Dates

  • Existence: 1805-1844

Biographical History

Joseph Smith, Jr. (1805-1844) was a Mormon prophet and founder of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.

Joseph Smith, Jr. was born on December 23, 1805, to parents Joseph Sr. and Lucy Mack Smith. He was the fifth of eleven children. He worked on the family farm in Vermont and later in western New York. A series of remarkable spiritual experiences prepared him for his prophetic calling. Beginning in 1820 at Palmyra, New York, Joseph Smith saw God the Father and Jesus Christ in vision. Through revelation, he translated and published the Book of Mormon, organized The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints on April 6, 1830, and received revelations to guide the Church. By inspiration, he called Apostles and other Church leaders, defined doctrines, and taught the principles and ordinances that would lead to exaltation. Under his leadership, Latter-day Saints founded communities in Ohio, Missouri, and Illinois. He was sustained as First Elder of the Church on April 6, 1830. On June 27, 1844, at Carthage, Illinois, Joseph Smith died a martyr to his faith.

Citation

Book of Mormon. Japanese. Morumon-kyō, 1909 (1950 printing): t.p. (Josefu Sumisu [in Japanese])

Book of Moemon. Armenian. Girkʻ Mōrmōni, 1937: t.p. (Kart. Chōzēf Smitʻh)

Britannica.com, Oct. 13, 2010 (Joseph Smith, originally Joseph Smith, Jr. (b. Dec. 23, 1805, Sharon, Vt., U.S.; d. June 27, 1844, Carthage, Ill.), Mormon prophet and founder of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints)

The Book of Mormon, 1830: title page (Joseph Smith, Junior)

Doctrine and covenants of the Church of the Latter Day Saints, 1835: title page (Joseph Smith, Junior)

Encyclopedia of Mormonism, page 1331 (Joseph Smith, Jr. (1805-1844), the Prophet Joseph Smith, founding prophet of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints; born December 23, 1805 in Sharon, Vermont; moved to Palmyra, N.Y. in 1816; founded the Church in Fayette, N.Y. April 6, 1830; migrated with the Church to Kirtland, Ohio in 1831; then to Far West, Missouri in 1838; finally to Nauvoo, Ill. (which he founded) in 1839; killed by a mob in Carthage, Ill. June 27, 1844)

Found in 22 Collections and/or Records:

Hyrum L. Andrus book drafts

 Collection — Box: 1
Identifier: MSS 553
Scope and Contents Typewritten book drafts with handwritten corrections. One of the drafts is for Andrus' book "Doctrinal Commentary on the Pearl of Great Price" which was first published in 1960. The other draft is of his book "Joseph Smith: The Man and the Seer" which was first published in 1967. Andrus comments on the Mormon scripture, the Pearl of Great Price, and writes a biography of Joseph Smith, the first president of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.

Alvin Pliny Bean essays

 File — Folder: 1
Identifier: MSS SC 2272
Scope and Contents Typewritten talk, a biography of Bean's father, Willard Washington Bean, and a biography of Alvin Pliny Bean by Vicki Zimmerman. The biography of Willard Bean relates his missionary experiences for the Mormon Church in the Southern States, 1882-1884. The other items emphasize Alvin Bean's experiences in Palmyra.

Biography Joseph Alston

 File — Folder: 1
Identifier: MSS 2509
Scope and Contents Photocopy of a microfilm copy of a typed biography. Joseph Alston was born in 1821 in England, and he joined the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints in 1839. He migrated to Nauvoo, Illinois, where he knew Joseph Smith, the first president of the Mormon Church. He migrated to Utah probably in 1850 and died in 1891.

Donald Q. Cannon research materials

 Collection — Multiple Containers
Identifier: MSS 1800
Scope and Contents Photocopies and microfilmed copies of letters, pamphlets, newspaper artilces, sections of books, maps, biographies, histories, and miscellaneous items. The materials relate to a large range of topics in the early history of the Mormon Church, to its early leaders and presidents, and to the genealogies of early prominent members of that faith. The materials were acquired in various research institutions in Massachusetts.

Donald Q. Cannon research materials

 Collection — Box: 1
Identifier: MSS 2005
Scope and Contents Photocopies of handwritten and typed letters, histories, interviews, diaries, pamphlets, and newspapers. The materials relate to a large range of topics in the early history of the Mormon Church; Joseph Smith, second president of the Mormon Church; and his family. Interviewees include Smith family members and those who knew them. The items were copied by Donald Q. Cannon as part of the continuing Mormon Church History Sources Project.

Talitha C. Avery Cheney autobiography and a biography

 File — Folder: 1
Identifier: MSS SC 3237
Scope and Contents Photocopy of microfilm copy of a typed autobiography. Cheney writes about her early life and her conversion to the Mormon Church in 1837. She moved with her family to Nauvoo, Illinois, where she heard sermons by Joseph Smith (1805-1844), the first president of the Mormon Church. She also heard Brigham Young (1801-1877), second president of the Mormon Church. Talitha married William Howard Avery in 1844. He died in 1847. She migrated to Utah in 1853 and married Elam Cheney. She lived in...

Circuit Court recognizance

 Item — Folder: 1
Identifier: Vault MSS 691
Scope and Contents Handwritten bond dated September 7, 1838, signed by Joseph Smith, Jr. and others before Judge Austin King of the 5th Judicial Circuit Court. The bond was for $500.00 and bound Joseph Smith, Jr. and Lyman Wight over to the court.

Ernest Clark notebook

 Item — Folder: 1
Identifier: MSS 7682
Scope and Contents Notebook contains an autobiography of Ernest Clark, as well as notes from a sermon by Mary Lightner on Joseph Smith and a copy of a revelation on marriage by John Taylor. Clark's autobiography describes his early years in Utah, his family's life in Mexico and their expulsion from the country in 1912, his education, and his teaching career in Idaho and Wyoming. Contents date from between 1905 and 1968.

Vesta Pierce Crawford book drafts

 Collection — Multiple Containers
Identifier: MSS 1282
Scope and Contents Photocopies of typewritten book drafts and supplementary materials for the "Life and History of Emma Hale Smith, 1804-1879" and "A Journal History of the Relief Society Building."

Biography of Charles Ambrose Foster

 File — Folder: 1
Identifier: MSS 813
Scope and Contents Typewritten research paper for a Religion 242 class at Brigham Young University taught by "Bro. Porter." Cosman writes about the role played by Charles A. Foster and his brother, Robert Foster, in the murder of the first president of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Joseph Smith (1805-1844). Charles Foster later became mayor of Vicksburg, Mississippi, and was the director of two hospitals.