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Smith, Joseph, Jr., 1805-1844

 Person

Dates

  • Existence: 1805 - 1844

Biography

Joseph Smith, Jr. (1805-1844) was a prophet and founder of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.

Joseph Smith, Jr. was born on December 23, 1805, to parents Joseph Sr. and Lucy Mack Smith. He was the fifth of eleven children. He worked on the family farm in Vermont and later in western New York. A series of remarkable spiritual experiences prepared him for his prophetic calling. Beginning in 1820 at Palmyra, New York, Joseph Smith saw God the Father and Jesus Christ in vision. Through revelation, he translated and published the Book of Mormon, organized The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints on April 6, 1830, and received revelations to guide the Church. By inspiration, he called Apostles and other Church leaders, defined doctrines, and taught the principles and ordinances that would lead to exaltation. Under his leadership, Latter-day Saints founded communities in Ohio, Missouri, and Illinois. He was sustained as First Elder of the Church on April 6, 1830. On June 27, 1844, at Carthage, Illinois, Joseph Smith died a martyr to his faith.

Citation:
Book of Mormon. Japanese. Morumon-kyō, 1909 (1950 printing): t.p. (Josefu Sumisu [in Japanese])

Book of Moemon. Armenian. Girkʻ Mōrmōni, 1937: t.p. (Kart. Chōzēf Smitʻh)

Britannica.com, Oct. 13, 2010 (Joseph Smith, originally Joseph Smith, Jr. (b. Dec. 23, 1805, Sharon, Vt., U.S.; d. June 27, 1844, Carthage, Ill.), prophet and founder of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints)

The Book of Mormon, 1830: title page (Joseph Smith, Junior)

Doctrine and covenants of the Church of the Latter Day Saints, 1835: title page (Joseph Smith, Junior)

Encyclopedia of Mormonism, page 1331 (Joseph Smith, Jr. (1805-1844), the Prophet Joseph Smith, founding prophet of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints; born December 23, 1805 in Sharon, Vermont; moved to Palmyra, N.Y. in 1816; founded the Church in Fayette, N.Y. April 6, 1830; migrated with the Church to Kirtland, Ohio in 1831; then to Far West, Missouri in 1838; finally to Nauvoo, Ill. (which he founded) in 1839; killed by a mob in Carthage, Ill. June 27, 1844)

Found in 269 Collections and/or Records:

Nancy Alexander Tracy autobiographical writings

 Collection — Multiple Containers
Identifier: MSS 2198
Scope and Contents Includes three reminiscent accounts written in 1880, 1885, and 1895, reflecting on her early life in New York state; marriage to Moses Tracy, 1832; conversion to Mormonism, 1834; occasional interactions with Joseph Smith Jr.; and experiences with her husband in New York, 1844. Also includes information on her activities in Kirtland, Ohio; Far West, Missouri; Nauvoo, Illinois; Council Bluffs, Iowa; Winter Quarters, Nebraska; and Ogden, Utah. She also comments on her emigration to Utah,...
Dates: 1880-1899

Robin R. Tucker letter

 File — Folder 1: [Barcode: 31197231045821]
Identifier: MSS 1223
Scope and Contents

Photocopy of a handwritten and signed letter, addressed to E. Jay Bell of Provo, Utah, and dated 5 Feb. 1972. Tucker writes about the Mormon Church publications, the "Book of Commandments" and the "Doctrine and Covenants." He also tells about the difficulties the first president of the Mormon Church, Joseph Smith, had in getting the "Book of Commandments" published.

Dates: 1 February 5972

Undergraduate and Graduate Studies, 1902-1925

 Series
Identifier: MSS 823 Series 3
Scope and Contents

Includes grades, student correspondence, and lecture notes. M. Wilford Poulson kept these papers from his time teaching at BYU, the University of Utah, and the University of Chicago.

Dates: 1902-1925

The unwritten chapter of the history of the Mormons

 File — Folder 1: [Barcode: 31197230241447]
Identifier: MSS SC 462
Scope and Contents

Typewritten history of the Mormons stating that Joseph Smith, Sr., Joseph Smith, Jr., and others were involved in water witching and treasure hunting. Includes TLS (photocopy) from Freniere to Yale University Press.

Dates: 1955

Wesley P. Walters affidavits

 File — Folder 1: [Barcode: 31197230317619]
Identifier: MSS SC 1877
Scope and Contents

Photocopies of five affidavits, an invitation to hear Walters speak, and court proceedings (1826). The affidavits confirm under which circumstances Walters found the 1826 court record. The record states that Joseph Smith (1805-1844) "the glass looker" was fined $2.68.

Dates: 1826-1973

John Webster letter

 File — Folder 1: [Barcode: 31197230321611]
Identifier: MSS SC 2278
Scope and Contents

Photocopy of a handwritten letter dated 17 July 1831. Webster tells of being approached by a "Mormonite," Samuel Harrison Smith (1808-1844), to buy a "gold Bible" (Book of Mormon). Webster asked Smith how his brother, Joseph Smith (1801-1844), wrote it. "He said that he would look under a shiney stone in the dark and there he would see the words appear."

Dates: 1831 July 17

William Weston letter

 File — Folder 1: [Barcode: 31197230325760]
Identifier: MSS SC 2708
Scope and Contents

Photocopy of a handwritten and signed letter dated Feb. 1843 and addressed to George C. Weston of Rockville, Connecticut. The item was also written by "Rebeca Weston." The Westons express a negative view of the first president of the Mormon Church, Joseph Smith. They also dislike the fact that many Mormons are coming to Illinois.

Dates: 1843 February

Eliza Westover letter

 File — Folder 1: [Barcode: 31197230335546]
Identifier: MSS 371
Scope and Contents

Photocopy of a handwritten letter with a typescript of the item. Westover writes to "Lew" in response to his questions about the first president of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Joseph Smith (1805-1844). She outlines her life and tells of her conversion to the LDS Church, her life in Nauvoo, Illinois, the death of Joseph Smith, and her migration to Utah.

Dates: 1916

White horse prophecy

 File — Multiple Containers
Identifier: Vault MSS 244
Scope and Contents

Handwritten prophecy supposedly related by John J. Roberts and Edwin Rushton in 1843 by Joseph Smith, first president of the Mormon Church, and written down some time later. The item is called the "White Horse Prophecy" or the "Horse Shoe Prophecy." The dating of the item is uncertain.

Dates: 1900

Whitmer, Kerr and Johnson, 1832-1946

 Sub-Series
Identifier: MSS 823 Series 8 Sub-Series 2
Scope and Contents

Contains letters and articles relating to the Whitmer, Kerr and Johnson families, as well as other notable figures in the early days of the Church.

Dates: 1832-1946