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Smith, Joseph, Jr., 1805-1844

 Person

Dates

  • Existence: 1805 - 1844

Biography

Joseph Smith, Jr. (1805-1844) was a prophet and founder of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.

Joseph Smith, Jr. was born on December 23, 1805, to parents Joseph Sr. and Lucy Mack Smith. He was the fifth of eleven children. He worked on the family farm in Vermont and later in western New York. A series of remarkable spiritual experiences prepared him for his prophetic calling. Beginning in 1820 at Palmyra, New York, Joseph Smith saw God the Father and Jesus Christ in vision. Through revelation, he translated and published the Book of Mormon, organized The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints on April 6, 1830, and received revelations to guide the Church. By inspiration, he called Apostles and other Church leaders, defined doctrines, and taught the principles and ordinances that would lead to exaltation. Under his leadership, Latter-day Saints founded communities in Ohio, Missouri, and Illinois. He was sustained as First Elder of the Church on April 6, 1830. On June 27, 1844, at Carthage, Illinois, Joseph Smith died a martyr to his faith.

Citation:
Book of Mormon. Japanese. Morumon-kyō, 1909 (1950 printing): t.p. (Josefu Sumisu [in Japanese])

Book of Moemon. Armenian. Girkʻ Mōrmōni, 1937: t.p. (Kart. Chōzēf Smitʻh)

Britannica.com, Oct. 13, 2010 (Joseph Smith, originally Joseph Smith, Jr. (b. Dec. 23, 1805, Sharon, Vt., U.S.; d. June 27, 1844, Carthage, Ill.), prophet and founder of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints)

The Book of Mormon, 1830: title page (Joseph Smith, Junior)

Doctrine and covenants of the Church of the Latter Day Saints, 1835: title page (Joseph Smith, Junior)

Encyclopedia of Mormonism, page 1331 (Joseph Smith, Jr. (1805-1844), the Prophet Joseph Smith, founding prophet of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints; born December 23, 1805 in Sharon, Vermont; moved to Palmyra, N.Y. in 1816; founded the Church in Fayette, N.Y. April 6, 1830; migrated with the Church to Kirtland, Ohio in 1831; then to Far West, Missouri in 1838; finally to Nauvoo, Ill. (which he founded) in 1839; killed by a mob in Carthage, Ill. June 27, 1844)

Found in 268 Collections and/or Records:

Joseph Smith, Jr. indenture

 Collection — Folder 1: [Barcode: 31197233286720]
Identifier: Vault MSS 137
Scope and Contents

Handwritten indenture. The item provides for a transfer of property from Joseph and his wife, Emma Smith, to Wilson Law. The item was signed by Joseph Smith, Willard Richards, and Samuel H. Smith.

Dates: 1842

Joseph Smith, Jr. letter

 File — Folder 1: [Barcode: 31197232487535]
Identifier: MSS 288
Scope and Contents

Photocopy and photostat copy of a handwritten letter. Smith writes in his capacity as the leader of the "Nauvoo Legion" of the Illinois state militia. He informs Wilson Law to keep the militia in readiness "as may be necessary to compel obedience to the ordinances of said city (i.e. Nauvoo) and secure the peace of the citizens." The item was notarized by W. W. Phelps.

Dates: 1843

Joseph Smith, Jr. note

 Collection — Folder 1: [Barcode: 31197233290821]
Identifier: Vault MSS 430
Scope and Contents

Handwritten and signed note dated 24 April 1844. The item states, "Due the bearer Isaac Chase one hundred dollars on demand." The funds might have been a loan for Smith's campaign to be president of the United States.

Dates: 1844 April 24

Joseph Smith Jr. receipt

 Collection — Folder 1: [Barcode: 31197233283750]
Identifier: Vault MSS 78
Scope and Contents

Handwritten and signed receipt dated 11 April 1844. Smith states he received $450 from Wilson Law in partial payment of a debt.

Dates: 1844 April 11

Joseph Smith Jr. speeches

 File — Folder 1: [Barcode: 31197230305085]
Identifier: MSS SC 762
Scope and Contents

Typescripts of notes of speeches given by Joseph Smith. The items are dated 22 and 23 June 1844, shortly before Smith was murdered. The notes were taken down by John Erik Forsgren.

Dates: 1844

Joseph Smith land indenture

 File — Folder 1: [Barcode: 31197230335850]
Identifier: MSS 1258
Scope and Contents

Photocopy of a handwritten and printed land indenture. Smith, as trustee of the Mormon Church, agrees to pay for land in Macedonia, Hancock County, Illinois. The item was signed by an Abraham Lincoln as justice of the peace. The Lincoln signed his name "Abm Lincoln." The sixteenth president of the United States almost invariably signed his name as "A. Lincoln.

Dates: 1843

Joseph Smith letter

 Collection — Folder 1: [Barcode: 31197233282869]
Identifier: Vault MSS 36
Scope and Contents

Photograph of a handwritten and signed letter, dated 17 June 1844, and addressed to John P. Greene. Smith writes about his concerns on the possibilities of mob actions near Nauvoo, Illinois.

Dates: 1844 June 17

Joseph Smith letter

 File — Folder 1: [Barcode: 31197230235258]
Identifier: MSS SC 173
Scope and Contents

Photocopy of a handwritten letter, dated June 11, 1829, and addressed to the Northern Judicial District of New York, R. R. Lansing, clerk. The item claims copyright for the Book of Mormon and describes its content and authorship.

Dates: 1829

Joseph Smith letter

 File — Folder 1: [Barcode: 31197230315266]
Identifier: MSS SC 1799
Scope and Contents

Photocopy of a handwritten letter from Joseph Smith (April 29, 1844) to Charles C. Rich concerning the court martial of Wilson Law.

Dates: 1844 April 29

Joseph Smith letter

 File — Folder 1: [Barcode: 31197230325109]
Identifier: MSS SC 2576
Scope and Contents Photographs of a handwritten and signed letter dated 18 June 1844 and addressed to James Strang. Smith responds to Strang's request to establish a stake of the Mormon Church in Wisconsin. Smith said that the inquiry was received negatively by the leaders of the Mormon Church, but later it was accepted more positiviely. Smith then records a vision he had in which he was carried to the Kingdom of Heaven by angels and spoke with God about the request. God told Smith that the stake was to be...
Dates: 1844 June 18