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United States. Supreme Court

 Organization

Dates

  • Existence: 1789-

Administrative History

The Supreme Court of the United States (1789- ) is the highest federal court of the United States. Established under Article III of the US Constitution, it has ultimate appellate jurisdiction over all federal courts and over state court cases involving issues of federal law, plus original jurisdiction over a small range of cases.

The Supreme Court of the United States is the highest federal court of the U.S. government established by Article III of the US Constituion in 1789. As the top court of the land, it has the ultimate decision to determine the rulings of court cases in the lower courts and also has the ability to determine the constitutionality of laws passed by Congress and enacted by the Presidency. In it's current form, it has 9 justices--whose political positions range from originalists (such as Clarence Thomas) to liberal interpreters--that serve a lifelong term which can be ended either by retirement or death. Throughout the years, the court has been instrumental in determining cases which have shaped American legal policy. Included in these cases are "Brown vs. Board of Education" (which deemed the practice of segregation illegal), "Roe v. Wade" (which made aborting fetuses under 3 months legal), "Citzens United v. the FEC" (which loosened Campaign Finance laws), "District of Columbia v. Heller" (which strengthened the individual right to bear arms), and recently "Obergefell v. Hodges" (which made gay marriage legal throughout the country.

Citation

Myer, William G. An index ... 1878.

Chernilovskiĭ, Z. M. Ot Marshalla do Uorrena, 1982: t.p. (Verkhovnogo Suda SShA)

Puerto Rico. Supreme Court. Sumario penal mensual, enero 1980: t.p. (Tribunal Supremo de Estados Unidos)

United States. Supreme Court. Sel. de fallos sobre derecho const. de la Corte Suprema de Los Estados Unidos, 1986.

Report of the Advisory Committee on Civil Rules ... 1999: t.p. (Chief Justice of the United States) p. iv (Supreme Court of the United States)

Magyarok az amerikai Legfelsőbb Bíróság előtt, 2000.

Its Web site, Aug. 20, 2006: home page (Supreme Court of the United States) {http://www.supremecourtus.gov/}

Steinberger, Heide. Rassendiskriminierung und Oberster Gerichtshof in den Vereinigten Staaten von America, 1969

Szyszkowski, Wacław. Sąd Najwyższy Stanów Zjednoczonych, 1969

Wikipedia, Nov. 16, 2016 (Supreme Court was founded by the Constitution in 1789; composed of 9 justices; helped provide major court decisions which impacted American legal policy)

Found in 14 Collections and/or Records:

Mark W. Cannon papers

 Collection — Multiple Containers
Identifier: MSS 3936
Scope and Contents The collection consists of material documenting Mark Cannon's career in political science, including his service as assistant to Chief Justice Warren Burger and his involvement in the Commission on the Bicentennial of the United States Constitution, as well as with the Institute of Public Administration and the Supreme Court in general. This includes political research and correspondence, addresses and articles (written by Cannon or others), accounts of political travels, Bicentennial committee...
Dates: 1960-2006

Merlo J. Pusey clippings and research notes, 1932-1975

 Series — Multiple Containers
Identifier: MSS 1532 Series 4
Scope and Contents Includes Pusey's newspaper clipings and research notes on various topics. Most of the material is focused on government policies and organizations and dates from Pusey's time as an editorialist for the Washington Post in the 1930s and 1940s. Includes newspaper clippings, drafts, and notes. Dates from between 1932 and 1975.
Dates: 1932-1975

Merlo J. Pusey correspondence , 1941-1971

 Series — Multiple Containers
Identifier: MSS 1532 Series 1
Scope and Contents Contains personal letters, greeting cards, and the official correspondence of Pusey. The letters addressed to Pusey are from various sources, including government bodies, newpapers, and universities. Dates from between 1941 and 1971.
Dates: 1941-1971

Merlo J. Pusey papers on Big Government, 1928-1945

 Series — Multiple Containers
Identifier: MSS 1532 Series 13
Scope and Contents Contains manuscripts for Merlo J. Pusey's book, "Big Government." Dates from 1928-1945.
Dates: 1928-1945

Merlo J. Pusey papers on Builders of the Kingdom, 1979

 Series — Carton: 73, Folder: 1-4
Identifier: MSS 1532 Series 14
Scope and Contents Contains manuscripts for Merlo J. Pusey's book "Builders of the Kingdom". Dates to 1979.
Dates: 1979

Merlo J. Pusey papers on Charles Evan Hughes, 1875-1974

 Series — Multiple Containers
Identifier: MSS 1532 Series 3
Scope and Contents Contains material related to Pusey's award winning biography of Justice Charles Evan Hughes, the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court. Included are Charles Evan Hughes' writings, research concerning Hughes, book drafts, manuscripts, and book reviews. Materials date from between 1875 and 1974.
Dates: 1875-1974

Merlo J. Pusey papers on Stepchild of Democracy, approximately 1960s

 Series — Carton: 76, Folder: 2-3
Identifier: MSS 1532 Series 15
Scope and Contents Contains a manuscripts for Merlo J. Pusey's book "Stepchild of Democracy". Dates to circa 1960s.
Dates: approximately 1960s

Merlo J. Pusey papers on the Central Arizona Project Association, 1967

 Series — Carton: 69, Folder: 17-19
Identifier: MSS 1532 Series 11
Scope and Contents Contains statements, correspondence, and other material related to the Central Arizona Project Association controversy.
Dates: 1967

Merlo J. Pusey papers on the power controversy, 1958-1965

 Series — Carton: 69, Folder: 4-16
Identifier: MSS 1532 Series 10
Scope and Contents Contains letters, legal papers, newspaper clippings, and other material related to disputes over powerlines with PEPCO and VEPCO in Maryland. Dates range from 1958-1965.
Dates: 1958-1965

Merlo J. Pusey papers on The Supreme Court Crisis, 1935-1940

 Series — Box: 5
Identifier: MSS 1532 Series 2
Scope and Contents Includes research, notes, annotated drafts, and articles concerning The Supreme Court Crisis, Pusey's book on Franklin D. Roosevelt's court-packing controversy. Materials date from around 1935 to 1940.
Dates: 1935-1940